Videos uploaded by user “Public Access America Podcast”
A Time for Burning
A Time for Burning Lutheran Film Associates; Contemporary Films A study of racial conflicts and understanding as portrayed in Omaha, Neb., when the pastor of an all-white Augustana Lutheran Church took an initial step toward desegregation Source Link https://archive.org/details/atimeforburning
Fighter for Freedom: The Frederick Douglass Story
Frederick Douglass was born in a slave cabin, in February, 1818, near the town of Easton, on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. Separated from his mother when only a few weeks old he was raised by his grandparents. At about the age of six, his grandmother took him to the plantation of his master and left him there. Not being told by her that she was going to leave him, Douglass never recovered from the betrayal of the abandonment. When he was about eight he was sent to Baltimore to live as a houseboy with Hugh and Sophia Auld, relatives of his master. It was shortly after his arrival that his new mistress taught him the alphabet. When her husband forbade her to continue her instruction, because it was unlawful to teach slaves how to read, Frederick took it upon himself to learn. He made the neighborhood boys his teachers, by giving away his food in exchange for lessons in reading and writing. At about the age of twelve or thirteen Douglass purchased a copy of The Columbian Orator, a popular schoolbook of the time, which helped him to gain an understanding and appreciation of the power of the spoken and the written word, as two of the most effective means by which to bring about permanent, positive change. source Link Returning to the Eastern Shore, at approximately the age of fifteen, Douglass became a field hand, and experienced most of the horrifying conditions that plagued slaves during the 270 years of legalized slavery in America. But it was during this time that he had an encounter with the slavebreaker Edward Covey. Their fight ended in a draw, but the victory was Douglass', as his challenge to the slavebreaker restored his sense of self-worth. After an aborted escape attempt when he was about eighteen, he was sent back to Baltimore to live with the Auld family, and in early September, 1838, at the age of twenty, Douglass succeeded in escaping from slavery by impersonating a sailor. Frederick Douglass He went first to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he and his new wife Anna Murray began to raise a family. Whenever he could he attended abolitionist meetings, and, in October, 1841, after attending an anti-slavery convention on Nantucket Island, Douglass became a lecturer for the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society and a colleague of William Lloyd Garrison. This work led him into public speaking and writing. He published his own newspaper, The North Star, participated in the first women's rights convention at Seneca Falls, in 1848, and wrote three autobiographies. He was internationally recognized as an uncompromising abolitionist, indefatigable worker for justice and equal opportunity, and an unyielding defender of women's rights. He became a trusted advisor to Abraham Lincoln, United States Marshal for the District of Columbia, Recorder of Deeds for Washington, D.C., and Minister-General to the Republic of Haiti. Frederick Douglass died late in the afternoon or early evening, of Tuesday, 20 February 1895, at his home in Anacostia, Washington, DC." https://archive.org/details/gov.ntis.ava16378vnb1 copyright Link https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/
End Of The Trail American Plains Indians
End of the Trail: American Plains Indian https://soundcloud.com/publicaccessamerica/end-of-the-trail-the-american-plains-indian Descibes the American westward movement and its tragic impact upon the American Indian. Discusses the imprint of the West upon the American mind and the American legend...narrated by walter brennan Tells the story of the American Plains Indians. Narrated by Walter Brennan. Source Link archive.org/details/EndOfTheTra…ericanPlainsIndians Copyright Link creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/ Edited into podcast episode by Jarcodes Productions
Tuskegee Airman Tribute
The Tuskegee Airmen /tʌsˈkiːɡiː/ is the popular name of a group of African-American military pilots (fighter and bomber) who fought in World War II. Officially, they formed the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces. The name also applies to the navigators, bombardiers, mechanics, instructors, crew chiefs, nurses, cooks and other support personnel for the pilots. The Tuskegee Airmen were the first African-American military aviators in the United States Armed Forces. During World War II, black Americans in many U.S. states were still subject to the Jim Crow laws and the American military was racially segregated, as was much of the federal government. The Tuskegee Airmen were subjected to discrimination, both within and outside the army. All black military pilots who trained in the United States trained at Moton Field, the Tuskegee Army Air Field, and were educated at Tuskegee University, located near Tuskegee, Alabama; the group included five Haitians from the Haitian Air Force (Alix Pasquet, Raymond Cassagnol, Pelissier Nicolas, Ludovic Audant, and Eberle Guilbaud). There was also one pilot from Port of Spain, Trinidad, Eugene Theodore. Although the 477th Bombardment Group trained with North American B-25 Mitchell bombers, they never served in combat. The 99th Pursuit Squadron (later, 99th Fighter Squadron) was the first black flying squadron, and the first to deploy overseas (to North Africa in April 1943, and later to Sicily and Italy). The 332nd Fighter Group, which originally included the 100th, 301st, and 302nd Fighter Squadrons, was the first black flying group. The group deployed to Italy in early 1944. In June 1944, the 332nd Fighter Group began flying heavy bomber escort missions, and in July 1944, the 99th Fighter Squadron was assigned to the 332nd Fighter Group, which then had four fighter squadrons. The 99th Fighter Squadron was initially equipped with Curtiss P-40 Warhawk fighter-bomber aircraft. The 332nd Fighter Group and its 100th, 301st and 302nd Fighter Squadrons were equipped for initial combat missions with Bell P-39 Airacobras (March 1944), later with Republic P-47 Thunderbolts (June–July 1944), and finally with the aircraft with which they became most commonly associated, the North American P-51 Mustang (July 1944). When the pilots of the 332nd Fighter Group painted the tails of their P-47s and later, P-51s, red, the nickname "Red Tails" was coined. The red markings that distinguished the Tuskegee Airmen included red bands on the noses of P-51s as well as a red rudder, the P-51B and D Mustangs flew with similar color schemes, with red propeller spinners, yellow wing bands and all-red tail surfaces. Department of the Air Force Tuskegee Airman Tribute AVA19065VNB1, 1990 The video informs members of the Air Force of the achievements and contributions of the Tuskegee Airmen on a recurring basis. A historical summary of the 'Tuskegee Experiment' during World War II. Source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.ntis.ava19065vnb1 Copyright Link https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/
Cumberland Gap
Cumberland Gap This film focuses on Cumberland Gap as a special place of passing for thousands of years--a place with a long relationship to the affairs of man. It relates the important role the gap played in opening the West to settlement. The passage created by Cumberland Gap was well-traveled by Native Americans long before the arrival of European-American settlers. The earliest written account of Cumberland Gap dates to the 1670s, by Abraham Wood of Virginia. The gap was named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, son of King George II of Great Britain, who had many places named for him in the American colonies after the Battle of Culloden. The explorer Thomas Walker gave the name to the Cumberland River in 1750, and the name soon spread to many other features in the region, such as the Cumberland Gap. In 1769 Joseph Martin built a fort nearby at present-day Rose Hill, Virginia, on behalf of Dr. Walker's land claimants. But Martin and his men were chased out of the area by Native Americans, and Martin himself did not return until 1775. In 1775 Daniel Boone, hired by the Transylvania Company, arrived in the region leading a company of men to widen the path through the gap to make settlement of Kentucky and Tennessee easier. On his arrival Boone discovered that Martin had beaten him to Powell Valley, where Martin and his men were clearing land for their own settlement – the westernmost settlement in English colonial America at the time. By the 1790s the trail that Boone and his men built was widened to accommodate wagon traffic and sometimes became known as the Wilderness Road. Daniel Boone Escorting Settlers through the Cumberland Gap (George Caleb Bingham, oil on canvas, 1851–52) Several American Civil War engagements occurred in and around the Cumberland Gap and are sometimes called Battle of the Cumberland Gap. In June 1862, Union Army General George W. Morgan captured the gap for the Union. In September of that year, Confederate States Army forces under Edmund Kirby Smith occupied the gap during General Braxton Bragg's Kentucky Invasion. The following year, in a bloodless engagement in September 1863, Union Army troops under General Ambrose Burnside forced the surrender of 2,300 Confederates defending the gap, gaining Union control of the gap for the remainder of the war. It is estimated that between 200,000 and 300,000 migrants passed through the gap on their way into Kentucky and the Ohio Valley before 1810. Today 18,000 cars pass beneath the site daily, and 1,200,000 people visit the park on the site annually. U.S. Route 25E passed overland through the gap before the completion of the Cumberland Gap Tunnel in 1996. The original trail was source link https://archive.org/details/gov.ntis.ava15022vnb1 copyright link https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/ information link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumberland_Gap
India - Pakistan Refugees
India - Pakistan Refugees National Archives -National Security Council. Central Intelligence Agency.(09/18/1947 - 12/04/1981). This podcast contrasts the old and new India and Pakistan, with emphasis on the Bangladesh and Kashmir disputes. Relations between India and Pakistan have been complex due to a number of historical and political events. Relations between the two states have been defined by the violent partition of British India in 1947, the Kashmir conflict and the numerous military conflicts fought between the two nations. Consequently, even though the two South Asian nations share linguistic, cultural, geographic, and economic links, their relationship has been plagued by hostility and suspicion. After the dissolution of the British Raj in 1947, two new sovereign nations were formed—the Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan. The subsequent partition of the former British India displaced up to 12.5 million people, with estimates of loss of life varying from several hundred thousand to 1 million. India emerged as a secular nation with a Hindu majority population and a large Muslim minority, while Pakistan emerged as an Islamic Republic with an overwhelming Muslim majority population; although its constitution guarantees freedom of religion to people of all faiths. Source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.1693134 Copyright Link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/ Information Link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India%E2%80%93Pakistan_relations
Can't Take No More
Can't Take No More Occupational Health and Safety Administration Department of Labor United States Government A quick paced history of occupational health and safety in the U.S. from the Industrial Revolution to the 1970s. Produced and distributed by OSHA in 1980. Then in 1981, the incoming head of OSHA Thorne Auchter recalled and destroyed most copies. A few copies were kept alive by renegade union officials who refused to return their copies. The penalty for being discovered in possession of one of these films was loosing all OSHA funding for their safety and health programs. There are 3 films in this series: The Story of OSHA | Worker to Worker | Can't Take No More This film was preserved through the years through the efforts of Mark Catlin, who made this and other censored OSHA films available for digitizing. Narrator: Studs Terkel Executive Producer: Ginny Durrin Producer/Writer: Janet Hayman Original Score by: Oscar Brand Cinematographer: Kip Durrin Editor: Terry Halle Produced by Durrin Films, Inc. for the Government. Source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.osha.censored.3 copyright link https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/
The Cuban Revolution
The Cuban Revolution (1953–59) was an armed revolt conducted by Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement and its allies against the U.S.-backed authoritarian government of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista. The revolution began in July 1953, and continued sporadically until the rebels finally ousted Batista on 1 January 1959, replacing his government with a revolutionary socialist state. The 26th of July Movement later reformed along communist lines, becoming the Communist Party in October 1965. The Cuban Revolution had powerful domestic and international repercussions. In particular, it reshaped Cuba's relationship with the United States. Efforts to improve diplomatic relations have gained momentum in recent years. In the immediate aftermath of the revolution, Castro's government began a program of nationalization and political consolidation that transformed Cuba's economy and civil society. The revolution also heralded an era of Cuban intervention in foreign military conflicts, including the Angolan Civil War and the Nicaraguan Revolution. In the decades following its independence from Spain in 1902, Cuba experienced a period of significant instability, enduring a number of revolts, coups and periods of U.S. military intervention. Fulgencio Batista, a former soldier who had served as the elected president of Cuba from 1940 to 1944, became president for the second time in March 1952, after seizing power in a military coup and canceling the 1952 elections. Although Batista had been a relative progressive during his first term, in the 1950s he proved far more dictatorial and indifferent to popular concerns. While Cuba remained plagued by high unemployment and limited water infrastructure,[16] Batista antagonized the population by forming lucrative links to organized crime and allowing American companies to dominate the Cuban economy. During his first term as President, Batista had been supported by the Communist Party of Cuba, but during his second term he became strongly anti-communist, gaining him political and military support from the United States. Batista developed a powerful security infrastructure to silence political opponents. In the months following the March 1952 coup, Fidel Castro, then a young lawyer and activist, petitioned for the overthrow of Batista, whom he accused of corruption and tyranny. However, Castro's constitutional arguments were rejected by the Cuban courts. After deciding that the Cuban regime could not be replaced through legal means, Castro resolved to launch an armed revolution. To this end, he and his brother Raúl founded a paramilitary organization known as "The Movement", stockpiling weapons and recruiting around 1,200 followers from Havana's disgruntled working class by the end of 1952. National Archives - Cuba - National Security Council. Central Intelligence Agency. (09/18/1947 - 12/04/1981). - This film depicts life in pre-revolutionary Cuba. It looks at Cuba from the peasant's point of view and discusses the seeds of poverty. - DVD Copied by IASL Scanner Thomas Gideon. - ARC 647298 / LI 263.431 source link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.647298 copyright link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/ Information link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuban_Revolution
Roy Wilkins: The Right to Dignity
Roy Wilkins (August 30, 1901 - September 8, 1981) was a prominent civil rights activist in the United States from the 1930s to the 1970s. Wilkins was active in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and between 1931 and 1934 was assistant NAACP secretary under Walter Francis White. When W. E. B. Du Bois left the organization in 1934, Wilkins replaced him as editor of Crisis, the official magazine of the NAACP. Roy Wilkins was born in St. Louis, Missouri. He grew up in the home of his aunt and uncle in a low-income, integrated community in St. Paul, Minnesota. Working his way through college at the University of Minnesota, Wilkins graduated from the University of Minnesota with a degree in sociology in 1923. He worked as a journalist at The Minnesota Daily and became editor of St. Paul Appeal, an African-American newspaper. After he graduated he became the editor of the Kansas City Call. In 1929 he married social worker Aminda "Minnie" Badeau; the couple had no children. In 1950, Wilkins-along with A. Philip Randolph, founder of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, and Arnold Aronson, a leader of the National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council-founded the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR). LCCR has become the premier civil rights coalition, and has coordinated the national legislative campaign on behalf of every major civil rights law since 1957 In 1955, Wilkins was named executive secretary (the title was later changed to executive director in 1964) of the NAACP. He had an excellent reputation as an articulate spokesperson for the civil rights movement. One of his first actions was to provide support to civil rights activists in Mississippi who were being subject to a "credit squeeze" by members of the White Citizens Councils. Wilkins backed a proposal suggested by Dr. T.R.M. Howard of Mound Bayou, Mississippi who headed the Regional Council of Negro Leadership, a leading civil rights organization in the state. Under the plan, black businesses and voluntary associations shifted their accounts to the black-owned Tri-State Bank of Memphis, Tennessee. By the end of 1955, about $280,000 had been deposited in Tri-State for this purpose. The money enabled Tri-State to extend loans to credit-worthy blacks who were denied loans by white banks. Wilkins participated in the March on Washington (1963), the Selma to Montgomery marches (1965), and the March Against Fear (1966). He believed in achieving reform by legislative means; he testified before many Congressional hearings and conferred with Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford, and Carter. Wilkins strongly opposed militancy in the movement for civil rights as represented by the "black power" movement. In 1967, Wilkins was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Lyndon Johnson. During his tenure, the NAACP led the nation into the Civil Rights movement and spearheaded the efforts that led to significant civil rights victories, including Brown v. Board of Education, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. In 1977, at the age of 76, Wilkins retired from the NAACP and was succeeded by Benjamin Hooks. He died September 9, 1981. In 1982 his autobiography Standing Fast: The Autobiography of Roy Wilkins was published posthumously. The Roy Wilkins Centre for Human Relations and Human Justice was established in the University of Minnesota's Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs in 1992. Source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.2546045 Copyright Link https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/
The Battle Of Manila
As American forces prepared to head to Manila in January 1945, Field Marshal Douglas MacArthur hoped for the peaceful handover of the city; he had, after all, in December, 1941 proclaimed Manila an Open City and withdrawn USAFFE troops. American troops were given three major objectives: first, the liberation of the University of Santo Tomas, where Allied civilians had been interned throughout the Japanese Occupation; second, the seizure of Malacañan Palace as it was the seat of the presidency; and third, the reclamation of the Legislative Building which housed the Congress and was the site upon which he hoped the Commonwealth would be restored. The American 1st Cavalry Division and the 37th Infantry Division were first deployed to immediately liberate the internees held by Japanese forces at the University of Santo Tomas. The 1st Cavalry quickly and successfully captured UST and Malacañan Palace and spared parts of northern Manila from destruction. Their liberation marked the beginning of the Battle for Manila. Recognizing this threat posed by the Americans, the bulk of Japanese forces under General Tomoyuki Yamashita withdrew to Baguio City with the intention of holding back US and Filipino forces in Northern Luzon. General Yamashita ordered that the city be evacuated and that bridges be destroyed at the sight of American troops. However, Rear Admiral Iwabuchi Sanji, fully aware of the ignominy of surrender under the code of Bushido, opted instead to defend the city to the death. The Japanese fiercely defended their positions. They destroyed bridges, notably those that crossed the Pasig, to limit the mobility of the Allied forces. Along with the bridges, part of the Japanese strategy included having entire rows of houses and buildings in the areas of Escolta, Sta. Cruz, Quiapo, and Chinatown set aflame. In them were ordinary civilians who burned along with their homes. Fueled by intense suspicion, the Japanese saw no trouble gathering civilians—fathers, mothers and children alike—bolting structures shut and setting them ablaze. As the wind carried the flames and hastened the spread of fire, houses along Azcarraga were broken down and transformed into firebreaks. The ruination of Manila had begun. Upon realizing that they were surrounded and fearing the repercussions of surrender, the Japanese occupied heavy concrete buildings: the Post Office, Congress, Manila City Hall, the University of the Philippines and edifices in Intramuros. They aspired to keep their strongholds fortified against the Allied forces. In a move to protect the city and its inhabitants, MacArthur strictly imposed restrictions on U.S. air support and artillery. But some still perished through ‘friendly fire’ and the destruction of some areas was inevitable. As defeat seemed imminent and facing certain death and capture, the Japanese exacted vengeance on Filipino civilians caught in the crossfire and foreigners alike whose death gave sense to the notion that they could conquer their enemies. Filipinos were brutally massacred—by machine guns, bayonets, and katanas—but not without the added torture of rape which our women fell victim to. Fort Santiago, San Agustin Church, De La Salle College, the German Club, San Juan de Dios Hospital and the Red Cross building were all bloodstained; brothels were erected, notably the Bayview Hotel whose chambers accommodated Filipinas and expatriate women alike. Their one task was to wait in silence and fear for their Japanese captors to lay siege on them. The Battle for Manila ended on March 3, 1945, a month following the arrival of the 1st Cavalry Division. 100,000 Filipinos perished, government buildings lay in ruins—and Manila was Pearl of the Orient no more. The once illustrious city and the Orient’s first cosmopolitan hub that merged the East and West now vanished under piles of debris. Following the end of the Battle, General Yamashita was tried and later found guilty for the massacre of countless Filipinos. He was hung for War Crimes on February 3, 1946 at Los Baños. Survivors of the Battle felt intense hatred for the Japanese whose method of inflicting violence had been both brutal and deeply personal. This sentiment was so great that even when viewing their destroyed city of Manila, they welcomed the destruction as the price they had to pay for liberation. In this month-long conflict, Filipinos lost invaluable articulations of culture and their identity as a people. Government buildings, universities and colleges, churches as well as other institutional landmarks perished along with all the valuables in their possession. Buildings suffered demolition to pave the way for progress. This meant doing away with European architecture in lieu of the functional, American style architecture that inspires some of our buildings today. Only few among the original edifices would remain intact. Information link http://malacanang.gov.ph/battle-of-manila/
Richard Nixon Checkers Speech (23/September/1952)
Richard Nixon Checkers Speech (23/September/1952) The Checkers speech or Fund speech was an address made on September 23, 1952, by the Republican candidate for vice president of the United States, California Senator Richard Nixon. Nixon had been accused of improprieties relating to a fund established by his backers to reimburse him for his political expenses. With his place on the Republican ticket in doubt, he flew to Los Angeles and delivered a half-hour television address in which he defended himself, attacked his opponents, and urged the audience to contact the Republican National Committee (RNC) to tell it whether he should remain on the ticket. During the speech, he stated that regardless of what anyone said, he intended to keep one gift: a black-and-white dog who had been named Checkers by the Nixon children, thus giving the address its popular name. Nixon, as he related in his address, came from a family of moderate means, and had spent much of his time after law school either in the military, campaigning for office, or serving in Congress. After his successful 1950 Senate campaign, Nixon's backers continued to raise money to finance his political activities. These contributions went to reimburse him for travel costs, postage for political mailings which he did not have franked, and similar expenses. Such a fund was not illegal at the time, but as Nixon had made a point of attacking government corruption, it exposed him to charges he might be giving special favors to the contributors. The press became aware of the fund in September 1952, two months after Nixon's selection as General Dwight D. Eisenhower's running mate. Within a few days, the story grew until the controversy threatened Nixon's place on the ticket. In an attempt to turn the tide of public opinion, Nixon broke off a whistle-stop tour of the West Coast to fly to Los Angeles to make a television and radio broadcast to the nation; the $75,000 to buy the television time was raised by the RNC. The idea for the Checkers reference came from Franklin Roosevelt's Fala speech—given eight years to the day before Nixon's address—in which Roosevelt mocked Republican claims that he had sent a destroyer to fetch his dog, Fala, when the dog was supposedly left behind in the Aleutian Islands. Nixon's speech was seen or heard by about 60 million Americans, including the largest television audience to that time, and led to an outpouring of public support. A huge majority of the millions of telegrams and phone calls received by the RNC and other political offices supported Nixon. He was retained on the ticket, which then swept to victory weeks later in November 1952. The Checkers speech was an early example of a politician using television to appeal directly to the electorate, but has since sometimes been mocked or denigrated. Checkers speech has come more generally to mean any emotional speech by a politician. source Link https://archive.org/details/RichardNixoncheckersSpeech Copyright Link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/ Information Link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Checkers_speech
President Richard Nixon Defends His Office on Watergate Charges
President Richard Nixon Defends His Office on Watergate Charges Watergate was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s, following a break-in at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and President Richard Nixon's administration's attempted cover-up of its involvement. When the conspiracy was discovered and investigated by the U.S. Congress, the Nixon administration's resistance to its probes led to a constitutional crisis. The term Watergate has come to encompass an array of clandestine and often illegal activities undertaken by members of the Nixon administration. Those activities included such "dirty tricks" as bugging the offices of political opponents and people of whom Nixon or his officials were suspicious. Nixon and his close aides ordered harassment of activist groups and political figures, using the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The scandal led to the discovery of multiple abuses of power by the Nixon administration, articles of impeachment, and the resignation of Nixon as President of the United States on August 9, 1974. The scandal also resulted in the indictment of 69 people, with trials or pleas resulting in 25 being found guilty and incarcerated, many of whom were Nixon's top administration officials. The affair began with the arrest of five men for breaking and entering into the DNC headquarters at the Watergate complex on Saturday, June 17, 1972. The FBI investigated and discovered a connection between cash found on the burglars and a slush fund used by the Committee for the Re-Election of the President (CREEP), the official organization of Nixon's campaign. In July 1973, evidence mounted against the President's staff, including testimony provided by former staff members in an investigation conducted by the Senate Watergate Committee. The investigation revealed that President Nixon had a tape-recording system in his offices and that he had recorded many conversations. After a protracted series of bitter court battles, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that the president was obligated to release the tapes to government investigators, and he eventually complied. These audio recordings implicated the president, revealing he had attempted to cover up activities that took place after the break-in and to use federal officials to deflect the investigation. Facing near-certain impeachment in the House of Representatives and equally certain conviction by the Senate, Nixon resigned the presidency on August 9, 1974.[ On September 8, 1974, his successor, Gerald Ford, pardoned him. Source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.48638 Copyright Link-Usage Public Domain https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/ Information source Link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Watergate_scandal National Archives and Records Administration U.S. Information Agency. (1982 - 10/01/1999) ARC Identifier 48638 / Local Identifier 306.2181. NAIL Control Number: NWDNM(m)-306.2181
Boom Days-1920-1932
BOOM DAYS [1920-1932] National Archives and Records Administration - ARC Identifier 100578 / Local Identifier WARN-WARNER-52 - BOOM DAYS [1920-1932] - Warner Brothers Pictures, Inc. Shows Harding's home in Marion, Ohio. He speaks at Arlington Cemetery and visits Alaska. Shows the Coolidge home at Plymouth, Vt., and Boston under martial law. Taft administers the oath in 1925. Shows William J. Bryan; Lindbergh, his plane, and Amb. Herrick in Paris. Lindbergh is greeted in N.Y.C. by Mayor Walker, rides in a parade, and is decorated by Coolidge. Kellogg and Briand sign the Paris peace pact; Coolidge signs in Washington. Shows Hoover's home in Palo Alto, Calif.; a GOP parade in New York; and Al Smith. Shows Hoover's inauguration; Taft, Hughes, and Oliver Wendell Holmes; Boulder Dam construction. Roosevelt speaks and is nominated in Chicago. DVD copied by IASL Master Scanner Timothy Vollmer. source link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.100578 copyright link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
Big Picture: The Douglas MacArthur Story
National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 2569682 / Local Identifier 111-TV-416 Big Picture: The Douglas MacArthur Story Douglas MacArthur (26 January 1880 – 5 April 1964) was an American five-star general and field marshal of the Philippine Army. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II. He received the Medal of Honor for his service in the Philippines Campaign, which made him and his father Arthur MacArthur, Jr., the first father and son to be awarded the medal. He was one of only five men ever to rise to the rank of General of the Army in the US Army, and the only man ever to become a field marshal in the Philippine Army. Raised in a military family in the American Old West, MacArthur was valedictorian at the West Texas Military Academy, and First Captain at the United States Military Academy at West Point, where he graduated top of the class of 1903. During the 1914 United States occupation of Veracruz, he conducted a reconnaissance mission, for which he was nominated for the Medal of Honor. In 1917, he was promoted from major to colonel and became chief of staff of the 42nd (Rainbow) Division. In the fighting on the Western Front during World War I, he rose to the rank of brigadier general, was again nominated for a Medal of Honor, and was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross twice and the Silver Star seven times. From 1919 to 1922, MacArthur served as Superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, where he attempted a series of reforms. His next assignment was in the Philippines, where in 1924 he was instrumental in quelling the Philippine Scout Mutiny. In 1925, he became the Army's youngest major general. He served on the court martial of Brigadier General Billy Mitchell and was president of the American Olympic Committee during the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam. In 1930, he became Chief of Staff of the United States Army. As such, he was involved in the expulsion of the Bonus Army protesters from Washington, D.C. in 1932, and the establishment and organization of the Civilian Conservation Corps. He retired from the US Army in 1937 to become Military Advisor to the Commonwealth Government of the Philippines. MacArthur was recalled to active duty in 1941 as commander of United States Army Forces in the Far East. A series of disasters followed, starting with the destruction of his air forces on 8 December 1941, and the invasion of the Philippines by the Japanese. MacArthur's forces were soon compelled to withdraw to Bataan, where they held out until May 1942. In March 1942, MacArthur, his family and his staff left nearby Corregidor Island in PT boats and escaped to Australia, where MacArthur became Supreme Commander, Southwest Pacific Area. For his defense of the Philippines, MacArthur was awarded the Medal of Honor. After more than two years of fighting in the Pacific, he fulfilled a promise to return to the Philippines. He officially accepted Japan's surrender on 2 September 1945, aboard the USS Missouri anchored in Tokyo Bay, and oversaw the occupation of Japan from 1945 to 1951. As the effective ruler of Japan, he oversaw sweeping economic, political and social changes. He led the United Nations Command in the Korean War until he was removed from command by President Harry S. Truman on 11 April 1951. He later became Chairman of the Board of Remington Rand. Information Link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_MacArthur DVD Copied by Timothy Vollmer. A filmed biography of General of the Army Douglas MacArthur. Producer National Archives and Records Administration Language English Credits Uploaded by Public.Resource.Org Source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.2569682 Copyright Link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
Nuremberg Trials
The Nuremberg trials were a series of military tribunals, held by the Allied forces after World War II, which were most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, judicial and economic leadership of Nazi Germany who planned, carried out, or otherwise participated in The Holocaust and other war crimes. The trials were held in the city of Nuremberg, Germany. The first, and best known of these trials, described as "the greatest trial in history" by Norman Birkett, one of the British judges who presided over it, was the trial of the major war criminals before the International Military Tribunal (IMT). Held between 20 November 1945 and 1 October 1946, the Tribunal was given the task of trying 24 of the most important political and military leaders of the Third Reich, though one of the defendants, Martin Bormann, was tried in absentia, while another, Robert Ley, committed suicide within a week of the trial's commencement. Not included were Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Joseph Goebbels, all of whom had committed suicide in the spring of 1945, well before the indictment was signed. Reinhard Heydrich was not included, as he had been assassinated in 1942. A precedent for trying those accused of war crimes had been set at the end of World War I in the Leipzig War Crimes Trials held in May to July 1921 before the Reichsgericht (German Supreme Court) in Leipzig, although these had been on a very limited scale and largely regarded as ineffectual. At the beginning of 1940, the Polish government-in-exile asked the British and French governments to condemn the German invasion of their country. The British initially declined to do so; however, in April 1940, a joint British-French-Polish declaration was issued. Relatively bland because of Anglo-French reservations, it proclaimed the trio's "desire to make a formal and public protest to the conscience of the world against the action of the German government whom they must hold responsible for these crimes which cannot remain unpunished." Three-and-a-half years later, the stated intention to punish the Germans was much more trenchant. On 1 November 1943, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States published their "Declaration on German Atrocities in Occupied Europe", which gave a "full warning" that, when the Nazis were defeated, the Allies would "pursue them to the uttermost ends of the earth ... in order that justice may be done. ... The above declaration is without prejudice to the case of the major war criminals whose offences have no particular geographical location and who will be punished by a joint decision of the Government of the Allies. This Allied intention to dispense justice was reiterated at the Yalta Conference and at Berlin in 1945. British War Cabinet documents, released on 2 January 2006, showed that as early as December 1944, the Cabinet had discussed their policy for the punishment of the leading Nazis if captured. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill had then advocated a policy of summary execution in some circumstances, with the use of an Act of Attainder to circumvent legal obstacles, being dissuaded from this only by talks with US and Soviet leaders later in the war. Source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.ntis.ava02601vnb1 Copyright Link https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/
Red Dress Collection 2007 Heart Health Introduction Video
The Heart Truth is a national awareness campaign for women about heart disease, sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Designed to warn women of their #1 health threat, The Heart Truth created and introduced the Red Dress as the national symbol for women and heart disease awareness in 2002 to deliver an urgent wake-up call to American women. The Red Dress reminds women of the need to protect their heart health, and inspires them to take action. source link https://archive.org/details/gov.hhs.nih.2007.07.9 copyright link https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/
The Great Spaghetti Harvest Hoax of 1957
In 1957, the BBC pulled off the best April Fools' Day prank ever, convincing portions of the British population that not only did spaghetti grow on trees, but that they could grow their own by sticking dry spaghetti into cans of marinara sauce. It started when the network aired this broadcast featuring farmers "harvesting" the spaghetti crop from trees. Announcer Richard Dimbleby noted that the harvest this year would be especially good since the "spaghetti weevil" had nearly been eradicated. Even BBC General Director Sir Ian Jacob wasn't entirely sure it was a joke and had to research the topic in three different books to confirm the segment wasn't true. The network was flooded with calls from viewers asking how they could grow their own spaghetti, to which they received the response, "Place a sprig of spaghetti in a tin of tomato sauce and hope for the best,"
Miss Television 1950 Contest
Miss U.S. Television was a series of contests held by the DuMont Television Network and its affiliates during 1950. The contest searched for the woman "with the most outstanding talent and beauty". The grand finals, aired September 30, 1950, featured 13 contestants, including Edie Adams, than known as Edith Adams, who performed an opera aria and won the contest. Broadcast from the Chicago Fair of 1950,
lovely logic and Jason talk- Pansexuality
Lovely Logic, and I sit down to talk about something I’d never really understood. I’d known of pansexuality which is why when I met Lovely Logic I was so interested in getting to know her, a conversation developed and we shared some mutual respect and we both hoped spread some awareness, and or opened a door for conversation What we here at Public Access America are asking is for you to just listen. She’s a young lady, a daughter, sister, and now my friend. She opened up so that someone else some where else could hear a message that breaks their isolation, or someone else’s ignorance. Or even her own silence Here. With Lovely Logic we hope to join to address other issues. Her list was long. Covering issues like bullying, gender inequality, and women’s oppression, she and I both hope that you reach out. Comment. Support, and most of all be kind. Her bravery could next be yours, your sons, your they. Pansexual adjective adjective: pansexual; adjective: pan-sexual not limited in sexual choice with regard to biological sex, gender, or gender identity. noun noun: pansexual; plural noun: pansexuals; noun: pan-sexual; plura, pan-sexuals Pansexuality, or Omnisexuality, is the sexual, romantic or emotional attraction towards people regardless of their sex or gender identity. Pansexual people may refer to themselves as gender-blind, asserting that gender and sex are not determining factors in their romantic or sexual attraction to others. Pansexuality may be considered a sexual orientation in its own right or a branch of bisexuality, to indicate an alternative sexual identity. Because pansexual people are open to relationships with people who do not identify as strictly men or women, and pansexuality therefore rejects the gender binary, it is often considered a more inclusive term than bisexual. To what extent the term bisexual is inclusive when compared with the term pansexual is debated within the LGBT community, especially the bisexual community. Information Sourced: gender binary Pansexuality and Being Pansexual: Everything You Need to Know https://www.teenvogue.com/story/what-is-pansexuality Pansexual Meetups - Meetup https://www.meetup.com/topics/pansexual/ Public Access America PublicAccessPod Productions #America #History #Podcast #Education #Not4Profit Footage downloaded and edited by PublicAccessPod Podcast Link Review us Stitcher: http://goo.gl/XpKHWB Review us iTunes: https://goo.gl/soc7KG Subscribe GooglePlay: https://goo.gl/gPEDbf YouTube https://goo.gl/xrKbJb
Interview With Muhammad Husayn Haykal
Interview With Muhammad Husayn Haykal National Archives - Interview With Muhammad Husayn Haykal - National Security Council. Central Intelligence Agency. (09/18/1947 - 12/04/1981). - This film includes an interview with the editor of the El Ahram Haykal about the Arab - Israeli conflict. - DVD Copied by IASL Scanner John Williams. - ARC 642127 / LI 263.208 Muhammad Husayn Haykal (also spelled Haikal or Heikal or Heykal Arabic: محمد حسين هيكل‎‎ Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [muˈħæmmæd ħuˈseːn ˈheːkæl]; August 20, 1888 – December 8, 1956) was an Egyptian writer, journalist, politician and Minister of Education in Egypt. Haykal was born in Kafr Ghannam, Mansoura, Ad Daqahliyah in 1888. He obtained a B.A. in Law in 1909 and a PhD from the Sorbonne University in Paris in 1912. While a student in Paris, he composed what is considered the first authentic Egyptian novel, Zaynab. After returning to Egypt, he worked as a lawyer for 10 years, then as a journalist. He was elected as editor-in-chief of Al Siyasa newspaper, the organ of "The Liberal Constitutionalist party" for which he was also an adviser. In 1937, he was appointed as Minister of State for the Interior Ministry in the Muhammad Mahmoud Pasha's second government. Then he was appointed as a Minister of Education where he introduced several reforms, including decentralization, by establishing educational zones and making programs and curricula nationally oriented. He was greatly influenced and inspired by the comprehensive reforms of Mohammad Abduh, Ahmad Lutfy El Sayed and Qasim Amin. Haykal is the father of seven children: Dr Ateya, Taheya, Dr Hussein, Hedeya, Bahiga, Dr Fayza Haikal, and Ahmad. Dr Fayza teaches Egyptology at the American University in Cairo. source link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.642127 copyright link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/ information link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Husayn_Haykal
Battle Of Midway
Location: Midway Atoll 1,300 miles northwest of Oahu Date: June 4-7, 1942 Background: One of Japan’s main goals during WWII was to remove the United States as a Pacific power in order to gain territory in East Asia. Japan hoped to defeat the US Pacific Fleet and use Midway as a base to attack Pearl Harbor, securing dominance in the region. The Battle Early morning on June 4th, aircraft from four Japanese aircraft carriers attacked and severely damaged the US base on Midway. Unbeknownst to the Japanese, the US carrier forces were just to the east of the island and ready for battle. After their initial attacks, the Japanese aircraft headed back to their carriers to rearm and refuel. While the aircraft were returning, the Japanese navy became aware of the presence of US naval forces in the area. TBD Devastator torpedo bombers and SBD Dauntless dive bombers from USS Enterprise, USS Hornet and USS Yorktown were sent to attack the Japanese fleet. The Japanese carriers Akagi, Kaga, and Soryu, were hit, set ablaze, and abandoned. Hiryu (the only surviving carrier) responded with two waves of attacks—both times bombing the USS Yorktown, leaving her severely damaged, but still afloat (she would later be sunk on June 7th by a Japanese submarine). That afternoon, a USS Yorktown scout plane located the Hiryu and the USS Enterprise sent dive bombers to attack. The attack left the Hiryu burning and without the ability to launch aircraft. Over the next two days, the US Navy and US forces on Midway continued their attacks, forcing the Japanese to abandon the battle and retreat to Japan. The Japanese lost approximately 4,800 men, four carriers, one cruiser, and hundreds of aircraft, while the United States lost approximately 307 men, one carrier, one destroyer, and over 100 aircraft. This critical US victory stopped the growth of Japan in the Pacific and put the United States in a position to begin shrinking the Japanese empire through a years-long series of island-hopping invasions and several even larger naval battles.
Drug Enforcement Agency's Public Service Announcements with Famous Sports Celebrities , ca. 1987
National Archives and Records Administration - ARC Identifier 37945 / Local Identifier 170.105 - Drug Enforcement Agency's Public Service Announcements with Famous Sports Celebrities , ca. 1987 - Department of Justice. Drug Enforcement Administration. (07/01/1973 - ). This film is a compilation of a series of public service announcements entitled "Say No\! TO DRUGS\!" which featured famous sports figures including race car driver Richard Petty, baseball player Dave Winfield, basketball players, “Dr. J”( Julius Erving), Ralph Sampson and Nancy Lieberman; boxers Mike Tyson, Sugar Ray Leonard and “Marvelous” Marvin Hagler; football players Roger Staubach, Herschel Walker, Danny White and Tom Landry, and rodeo stars Clint Corey and Charmayne James. - Producer National Archives and Records Administration Credits Uploaded by Public.Resource.Org
We Had Lunch With-Rachel Roberts-(KY-24)
A fresh voice, a proven leader, and a tireless advocate for public education, small businesses, working families, and real solutions to the opioid epidemic. Be A Supporter: https://www.rachelforkentucky.com/ Tweet Rachel @Rachel4KY https://twitter.com/Rachel4KY Facebook Rachel @Rachel4KY https://www.facebook.com/rachel4ky Instagram Rachel @Rachel4KY https://www.instagram.com/rachel4ky/ My name is Rachel Roberts. I’m running for State Senate in the 24th district, and I’m going to work my heart out to earn your vote, win this election and upend a system that no longer works for any of us. I am running for office because our region needs a stronger and smarter economy, our healthcare system is failing everyday Americans, and insider politicians in Frankfort are bent on breaking our children’s schools. Like so many people I’ve spoken with throughout Northern Kentucky, I’m exhausted by career politicians from legacy families who say they’re going to fix things and then do nothing. The corruption must end. I come from a long line of proud Kentuckians. I was raised by parents who taught me the core values of hard work, responsibility, and honesty. My great-grandpa was a fireman. My grandfather was a naval specialist and NASA engineer. My mother graduated from Chase Law School and spent her early career working to strengthen labor relations. My father graduated from the Kentucky Military Institute and is a county addiction/mental health specialist. Now, in a time of great need for our region and state, I am following in their footsteps to do what’s right and serve everyday folks like you. I have spent my life building a strong home, successful businesses and a community that reflects the guiding values with which my family raised me. I’ve spoken with thousands of concerned citizens, and I hear you when you say we need to find new and innovative ways to drive revenue so we can actually fix our crumbling infrastructure. We need to get creative and community-focused if we’re going to dig in and deliver on solving the opioid epidemic. And we have to stop attacking public schools and teachers. Instead, we’re going to work smarter and harder to set our children on a better, stronger path forward. Take a stand for Northern Kentucky. Join me as I stand up to Frankfort. Become a Friend of Rachel Roberts today! Professional awards: 2018 Women's Campaign School at Yale, Best of NKY 2015 & 2016. Entrepreneur of the Year 2015. Winner Aviatra (FLM: Bad Girl Ventures) 2015. Business First Grant Recipient 2015. Winner, Top Ten Area Businesses 2015, Aspen Institute Community Great Ideas Seminar.
This Is Parris Island
Department of Defense PIN 25528 THIS IS PARRIS ISLAND MARINE RECRUITS GO THROUGH THE RIGORS OF BOOT CAMP AT PARRIS ISLAND, SOUTH CAROLINA. Source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.dod.dimoc.25528 Copyright Link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
The Liberation Of Rome
The Italian Campaign of World War II was the name of Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe. Joint Allied Forces Headquarters (AFHQ) was operationally responsible for all Allied land forces in the Mediterranean theatre, and it planned and commanded the invasion of Sicily in July 1943, followed shortly thereafter in September by the invasion of the Italian mainland and the campaign on Italian soil until the surrender of the German Armed Forces in Italy in May 1945. It is estimated that between September 1943 and April 1945, some 60,000-70,000 Allied and 60,000-150,000 German soldiers died in Italy.[nb 6] Overall Allied casualties during the campaign totaled about 320,000[nb 7] and the corresponding German figure (excluding those involved in the final surrender) was well over 600,000. Fascist Italy, prior to its collapse, suffered about 200,000 casualties, mostly POWs taken in the Allied invasion of Sicily, including more than 40,000 killed or missing. Besides them, over 150,000 Italian civilians died, as did 15,197 anti-Fascist partisans and 13,021 troops of the Italian Social Republic. In the West, no other campaign cost more than Italy in terms of lives lost and wounds suffered by infantry forces of both sides, during bitter small-scale fighting around strongpoints at Winter positions, Anzio girth and the Gothic Line. The campaign ended when Army Group C surrendered unconditionally to the Allies on May 2, 1945, one week before the formal German Instrument of Surrender. The independent states of San Marino and the Vatican, both surrounded by Italian territory, also suffered damage during the campaign. Department of Defense. Department of the Army. Office of the Chief Signal Officer. (09/18/1947 - 02/28/1964) ARC Identifier 24348 / Local Identifier 111-CR-1 . Reel 1, Gen. Montgomery and the British 8th Army land at Reggio Calabria. The Italian navy surrenders to the Allies. Gen. Mark Clark and the U.S. 5th Army land at Salerno behind an intense naval bombardment. The Luftwaffe bombards the beachhead. The 5th and the 8th Armies meet. The Allies take the Foggia airfield and later enter Naples. Refugees return to the city. U.S. troops cross the Volturno River and advance through mud. Reel 2, Ortona is taken after street fighting and a savage tank battle. Gens. Eisenhower and Clark inspect Cassino defenses. 5th Army units land at Anzio. Gens. Rommel and Kesselring direct the arrival of Nazi reserves. British Gen. Alexander directs an artillery bombardment on the Gustav Line. Cassino falls. Allied tanks roll toward Rome. The Nazis evacuate the city and 5th Army units enter. Source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.24348 Copyright link https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/
Perversion for Profit 1965
Anti-pornography film produced by financier Charles Keating, linking pornography to the Communist conspiracy and the decline of Western civilization. Often quite humorous film which purports to speak about cultural mores and their decline; advises us to be wary of pornography which may appear at the local newstand, malt shop or drugstore. In reaction to perception of substantial growth in the distribution of pornographic material. Sourse link: archive.org/details/Perversi1965 Public Domain licence attached creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/ Edited into podcast form by Jarcodes Productions
Interview Of James Earl Ray
National Archives and Records Administration - ARC 43297, LI 233-MLK-150170 - INTERVIEW OF JAMES EARL RAY BY JOHN AUBLE, KST-TV ST LOUIS - DVD Copied by Ann Galloway. U.S. House of Representatives. Select Committee on Assassinations. (09/17/1976 - 01/03/1979). James Earl Ray (March 10, 1928 – April 23, 1998) assassinated civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4, 1968. Ray was convicted on his 41st birthday after entering a guilty plea to forgo a jury trial. Had he been found guilty by jury trial, he would have been eligible for the death penalty. He was sentenced to 99 years in prison. He later recanted his confession and tried unsuccessfully to gain access to a retrial. In 1998, Ray died in prison of complications due to chronic hepatitis C infection. He had served 29 years in prison at the time of his death. Martin Luther King was felled by a single bullet fired from a Remington 760 Gamemaster .30-06 rifle on April 4, 1968, while standing on the second-floor balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. Shortly after the shot was fired, witnesses saw a man believed to be James Earl Ray fleeing from a rooming house across the street from the motel. Ray had been renting a room in the house at the time. A package was dumped close to the site that included a rifle and binoculars, both found with Ray's fingerprints. On the day of the assassination, Ray fled north by car from Memphis to Canada, arriving in Toronto three days later, where he hid out for over a month and acquired a Canadian passport under the false name of Ramon George Sneyd. He left Toronto in late May on a flight to England. He stayed briefly in Lisbon, and returned to London. On June 8, 1968, a little more than two months after King's death, Ray was arrested at London's Heathrow Airport while trying to leave the United Kingdom on the false Canadian passport. At check-in, the ticket agent noticed the name on his passport—Sneyd—was on a Royal Canadian Mounted Police watchlist. At the airport, officials noticed that Ray carried another passport under a second name. The UK quickly extradited Ray to Tennessee, where he was charged with King's murder. He confessed to the crime on March 10, 1969, his 41st birthday, and after pleading guilty he was sentenced to 99 years in prison. source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.43297 copyright Link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/ Information Link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Earl_Ray
STAFF FILM REPORT 66-29A vietnam - july 1966 - 1st infantry division in "operation el paso,'' us army air traffic pier construction and meteorology activities; nato tap toe in arnhem, holland. source link https://archive.org/details/gov.dod.dimoc.26981 copyright link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
The George S Patton Story
One of the most complicated military men of all time, General George Smith Patton, Jr. was born November 11, 1885 in San Gabriel, California. He was known for carrying pistols with ivory handles and his intemperate manner, and is regarded as one of the most successful United States field commanders of any war. He continually strove to train his troops to the highest standard of excellence. After the Olympics, Patton kept busy taking lessons at the French Cavalry School and studying French sword drills. In the summer of 1913, Patton received orders to report to the commandant of the Mounted Service School in Fort Riley, Kansas, where he became the school's first Master of the Sword. He designed and taught a course in swordsmanship while he was a student at the school. Patton's first real exposure to battle occurred when he served as a member of legendary General John J. Pershing's staff during the expedition to Mexico. In 1915, Patton was sent to Fort Bliss along the Mexican border where he led routine cavalry patrols. A year later, he accompanied Pershing as an aide on his expedition against Francisco "Pancho" Villa into Mexico. Patton gained recognition from the press for his attacks on several of Villa’s men. Impressed by Patton's determination, Pershing promoted him to Captain and asked him to command his Headquarters Troop upon their return from Mexico. With the onset of World War I in 1914, tanks were not being widely used. In 1917, however, Patton became the first member of the newly established United States Tank Corps, where he served until the Corps were abolished in 1920. He took full command of the Corps, directing ideas, procedures and even the design of their uniforms. Along with the British tankers, he and his men achieved victory at Cambrai, France, during the world's first major tank battle in 1917. Using his first-hand knowledge of tanks, Patton organized the American tank school in Bourg, France and trained the first 500 American tankers. He had 345 tanks by the time he took the brigade into the Meuse-Argonne Operation in September 1918. When they entered into battle, Patton had worked out a plan where he could be in the front lines maintaining communications with his rear command post by means of pigeons and a group of runners. Patton continually exposed himself to gunfire and was shot once in the leg while he was directing the tanks. His actions during that battle earned him the Distinguished Service Cross for Heroism, one of the many medals he would collect during his lifetime. An outspoken advocate for tanks, Patton saw them as the future of modern combat. Congress, however, was not willing to appropriate funds to build a large armored force. Even so, Patton studied, wrote extensively and carried out experiments to improve radio communications between tanks. He also helped invent the co-axial tank mount for cannons and machine guns. After WWI, Patton held a variety of staff jobs in Hawaii and Washington, D.C. He graduated from the Command and General Staff School in 1924, and completed his military schooling as a distinguished graduate of the Army War College in 1932. The United States officially entered World War II in December 1941, after the attack on Pearl Harbor. By November 8, 1942, Patton was commanding the Western Task Force, the only all-American force landing for Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of North Africa. After succeeding there, Patton commanded the Seventh Army during the invasion of Sicily in July 1943, and in conjunction with the British Eighth Army restored Sicily to its citizens. Department of Defense. Department of the Army. Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations. U.S. Army Audiovisual Center. (ca. 1974 - 05/15/1984) Information Link http://www.generalpatton.com/ Source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.111-tv-468 Copyright Link https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/
Public Access America-U.S Navy Combat Bulletin No 7 Victory 1945
U.S. Navy Combat Bulletin No. 7: Victory, 1945. U.S. Navy Film # MN-9034G. "Part 1 shows three views of a nighttime atomic bomb test explosion in New Mexico. Part 2 shows scenes of Russian soldiers parading and standing at attention as Russia's activities since declaring war on Japan are described. Part 3, Truman announces Japan's acceptance of peace terms. Shows crowds celebrating the peace in Washington, Chicago, San Francisco, and New York. Part 4 shows details of the ceremony aboard the battleship Missouri as the Japanese surrender is signed in Tokyo Bay. Admiral Halsey greets Admiral Nimitz. General MacArthur and Premier Shigemitsu lead their parties aboard and to their places. MacArthur opens the ceremony with a speech (Reel 2). Shigemitsu signs; MacArthur signs, gives pens to Generals Wainwright and Percival. Admiral Nimitz and representatives of the other eight Allied countries sign the surrender. General Sutherland presents the Japanese copy to Shigemitsu. Admiral King, addressing the film audience, pays compliments to the naval forces." Thank you to the U.S Navy and it's addition of these news reels to the Internet archive. Your glory is ours and America's https://archive.org/details/MN-9034G
We The Japanese People
This is the definitive story of how the United States attempted to turn Japan into a democratic and peace-loving nation by drafting a new constitution for its former enemy—and then pretending that the Japanese had written it. Based on scores of interviews with participants in the process, as well as exhaustive research in Japanese and American records, the book explores in vivid detail the thinking and intentions behind the drafting of the constitution. Confusion and strife marked planning for the democratization of Japan, first in Washington, then in occupied Tokyo. Policy makers in the State, War, and Navy departments, the Joint Chiefs, and the White House contended bitterly over how to devise an “unconditional surrender” that would minimize Allied casualties while according the victor supreme authority over a soundly defeated Japan. By war’s end, there were still no firm guidelines on a host of crucial issues, including how the Japanese system of government could be made acceptably democratic. The first months of occupation were chaotic, with General MacArthur organizing his staff around loyal followers and edging out experts sent from Washington. Hampered by a narrow interpretation of the terms of surrender and wishful thinking about Japanese compliance with American expectations, MacArthur set in motion a fiasco. Because of a translator’s error, Prince Konoye, three-time Prime Minister of Japan, thought MacArthur had entrusted him with revising the Japanese constitution and assembled a staff of constitutional law experts and set to work. However, conservatives in the Japanese cabinet denounced his efforts and produced their own version, which MacArthur found unacceptable. MacArthur then secretly instructed his staff, with its very limited knowledge of either Japan or constitutional law, to draft a new Japanese constitution, which amazingly they did in a week’s time. Expecting approval of its own draft, the Japanese cabinet was stunned when presented with a completely different American document. So unrelenting was the pressure exerted by MacArthur’s officers that it was clear to members of the cabinet they had no choice but to adopt the American draft more or less intact, and publish it as their own. Because of the broad range of its meticulous research, the book will be a standard reference not only for students of Japanese history but also for legal scholars, diplomatic historians, and political scientists.
Cuba President in U.S., 1948/12/09
(1) News In Brief - "Washington: Cuba's new President, Carlos Prio, arrives by plane for a five-day visit. Pres. Truman, who invited him, is on hand to greet him at National Airport as Senor Prio steps off the 'Independence.' - Truman speaks at airport; (2) Holland: "The 'Hangmen of Amersfoort,' Nazi criminals who put scores to death in infamous concentration camp, go on trial before a Dutch tribunal. Once vaunted supermen cringe as justice hold their fate in the balance." (sound in German) (3) Spy Probe. Chambers-Hiss Papers Barred From Public - "Washington: Should the U. S. public be let in on the secrets of the stolen micro-films? Former Underscretary of State Sumner Welles, appearing before Un-American Activities Committee, says the papers should be barred, while Congressman Mundt calls for a full public hearing on the case." (no pictures of Chambers or Hiss) (partial newsreel). source link https://archive.org/details/1948-12-09_Cuba_President_in_US copyright link https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/
Eleanor Roosevelt Speech Human Rights
Eleanor Roosevelt Speech Human Rights FDR Presidential Library Video 309 Speech by Mrs. E. Roosevelt for a TV Program on Human Rights Day Archival footage from the FDR Presidential Library. source link https://archive.org/details/gov.fdr.309 copyright link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
Call Of Duty, The: The Lou Peters Story
Call Of Duty, The: The Lou Peters Story National Archives and Records Administration - ARC Identifier 12171 / Local Identifier 65.100 Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation. (1935 - ). news release video recording: Story of capture of Joe Bannano as told to Robert Young, Inspector General of FBI. Lou Peters, a cadillac dealer cooperates with FBI when mafia boss, Joe Bannano proposes to purchase his dealership for 2 million dollars. To avoid entrapment he reports all meetings and events as they happen. Joe Bannano goes to prison for five years and Lou Peters received commendation from FBI. - The Bonanno crime family's underbosses were Frank Garofalo and John Bonventre. While it was traditionally one of the smaller ones of the five New York families, it was more tight-knit than the others. With almost no internal dissension and little harassment from other gangs or the law, the Bonanno family prospered in the running of its loan sharking, bookmaking, numbers running, prostitution, and other illegal activities. In 1938, Bonanno left the country, then re-entered legally at Detroit so that he could apply for citizenship. Bonanno's large cash position gleaned from crime allowed him to make many profitable real estate investments during the Great Depression. His legitimate business interests included areas as diverse as the garment industry (three coat factories and a laundry), cheese factories, funeral homes, and a trucking company.[8] It was said that a Joe Bonanno-owned funeral parlor in Brooklyn was utilized as a convenient front for disposing of bodies: the funeral home's clients were provided with double—decker coffins, and more than one body would be buried at once. By the time Bonanno became a US citizen in 1945, he was a multi-millionaire. Unlike most of his compatriots, Bonanno largely eschewed the lavish lifestyle associated with gangsters of his time. He preferred meeting with his soldati in his Brooklyn home or at rural retreats. He did, however, have a decided preference for expensive cigars. The only encounter Bonanno had with the law during these years was when a clothing factory that he partly owned was charged with violating the federal minimum wage and hour law. The company was fined $50; Bonanno was only a shareholder in the company and was not fined. Government officials later arrested Bonanno, claiming he had lied on his citizenship application by concealing a criminal conviction; the charge was dismissed in court. Despite this, Bonanno was all but unknown to the general public until the disastrous Apalachin Conference of 1957, which he was reported to have attended. Called by Vito Genovese to discuss the future of Cosa Nostra in light of the intrigues that brought himself and Carlo Gambino to power, the meeting was aborted when police investigated the destination of the many out-of-state attendees' vehicles and arrested many of the fleeing mafiosi. Bonanno claimed he skipped the meeting, but the attending capo Gaspar DiGregorio was carrying Bonanno's recently renewed driver's license; when DiGregorio was arrested at a roadblock he was misidentified as Bonanno. An official police report instead lists him as being caught fleeing on foot. 27 Apalachin attendees, including Bonanno, were indicted with obstruction of justice after refusing to answer questions regarding the meeting; Bonanno himself suffered a heart attack and was severed from the resulting trial, and the indictment and resulting convictions were ultimately thrown out. source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.12171 Copyright Link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/ Information link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Bonanno
Big Picture: Drill Sergeant
Department of Defense. Department of the Army. Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations. U.S. Army Audiovisual Center. (ca. 1974 - 05/15/1984). This film depicts the methods used in basic combat training. It also shows the big role played by the Drill Sergeant, in the system of personalized training created by the U.S. Army. source link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.2569851 copyright link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
Apollo 13: Houston, We've Got a Problem
Apollo 13 was the seventh manned mission in the American Apollo space program and the third intended to land on the Moon. The craft was launched on April 11, 1970, at 13:13 CST from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, but the lunar landing was aborted after an oxygen tank exploded two days later, crippling the Service Module (SM) upon which the Command Module (CM) depended. Despite great hardship caused by limited power, loss of cabin heat, shortage of potable water, and the critical need to make makeshift repairs to the carbon dioxide removal system, the crew returned safely to Earth on April 17. The flight passed the far side of the Moon at an altitude of 254 kilometers (137 nautical miles) above the lunar surface, and 400,171 km (248,655 mi) from Earth, a spaceflight record marking the farthest humans have ever traveled from Earth. The mission was commanded by James A. Lovell with John L. "Jack" Swigert as Command Module Pilot and Fred W. Haise as Lunar Module Pilot. Swigert was a late replacement for the original CM pilot Ken Mattingly, who was grounded by the flight surgeon after exposure to German measles. The mission was launched at the planned time, 02:13:00 PM EST (19:13:00 UTC) on April 11. An anomaly occurred when the second-stage, center (inboard) engine shut down about two minutes early. The four outboard engines and the third-stage engine burned longer to compensate, and the vehicle achieved very close to the planned circular 100 nautical miles (190 km) parking orbit, followed by a normal translunar injection about two hours later. The engine shutdown was determined to be caused by severe pogo oscillations measured at a strength of 68 g and a frequency of 16 hertz, flexing the thrust frame by 3 inches (76 mm). The vehicle's guidance system shut the engine down in response to sensed thrust chamber pressure fluctuations. Pogo oscillations had been seen on previous Titan rockets, and also on the Saturn V during Apollo 6, but on Apollo 13, they were amplified by an unexpected interaction with turbopump cavitation. Later missions implemented anti-pogo modifications that had been under development. These included addition of a helium-gas reservoir to the center engine liquid oxygen line to damp pressure oscillations, an automatic cutoff as a backup, and simplification of the propellant valves of all five second-stage engines. Crew James A. Lovell Jr. Commander Fred W. Haise Jr. Lunar Module Pilot John L. Swigert Jr. Command Module Pilot Backup Crew John W. Young Commander Charles M. Duke Jr. Lunar Module Pilot John L. Swigert Jr. Command Module Pilot
Cong Hoa Hospital, Burn Ward, Saigon, Republic of Vietnam
Department of Defense. Department of the Army. Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations. U.S. Army Audiovisual Center. (ca. 1974 - 05/15/1984). The first part of this roll depicts burned patient, Nguyen-Van-Ut, to show his granulating burn wounds which are ready for grafting (arm, hand, legs). Nguyen-Van-Ut received his burns 9 March 1971 by phosphorous. The second burn patient on this roll, Nguyen-V-Trieu, is depicted to show his arm and deformity of hand caused by his granulating burn wounds, which are ready for skin grafting. Nguyen-V-Trieu received his wounds by a B-40 round on 18 May 1971. The third patient, Va-Van-Khief, an 11 year old boy, who received his burns by Kerosene on 2 May 1971, is depicted to show the prior grafting to his burned face, mid-section and legs before second-stage grafting. The above scene was photographed 7 May 1971. Various MSs, CUs, and ECUs of preparation of the donor site (area where the healthy skin will be taken from). This consists of shaving, washing and rinsing it with saline solution. Various CUs and ECUs of the preparation of the burn site, the washing of the burn area with phisohex and rinsing it with saline solution. There are also scenes of the operation room, the patient and doctors. DVD Copied by Master Scanner Thomas Gideon. National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier 34987 / Local Identifier 111-LC-58248 Source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.34987 Copyright link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
Hollywood and the Stars
Hollywood and the Stars National Archives - Hollywood and the Stars - National Security Council. Central Intelligence Agency. (09/18/1947 - 12/04/1981). - This film explores the evolution of the motion picture to its present state as a potent communications medium, with great potential for social protest and propaganda. - DVD Copied by IASL Scanner Jeremy Baron. - ARC 651276 / LI 263.2011 Source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.651276 copyright Link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
Nikolas Cruz Police Interview
Police interview of Nikolas Cruz after murdering 17 people at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School on February 14, 2018. This is gross. You should not listen. However, in history this should be heard. Signs, clues and forewarnings here might shed light on the next. On February 14, 2018, a gunman opened fire at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, killing seventeen students and staff members and injuring seventeen others. Witnesses identified nineteen-year-old former student Nikolas Cruz as the assailant, and he was arrested in Coral Springs by the Broward County Sheriff's Office shortly after he escaped the scene; Cruz had purchased food at Walmart and McDonald's restaurants after leaving the scene of the shooting. Cruz confessed to being the perpetrator,[13] and he was charged with 17 counts of premeditated murder and 17 counts of attempted murder. Police and prosecutors have not yet offered a motive and are investigating "a pattern of disciplinary issues and unnerving behavior". The sheriff's office received a number of tips in 2016 and 2017 about Cruz's threats to carry out a school shooting. The FBI learned that a YouTube user with the username "nikolas cruz" posted a message in September 2017 about becoming a school shooter, but the agency could not identify the user. In January 2018, someone contacted the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) tip line with a direct complaint that Cruz had made a death threat, but the complaint was not forwarded to the local FBI office. The shooting sparked unprecedented demands for gun control and spurred the founding of Never Again MSD, a political action committee founded by students from the school to demand legislative action from lawmakers on firearms. On March 9, Governor Rick Scott signed a bill that raised the minimum age for buying rifles in Florida from 18 to 21. The legislation also established waiting periods and background checks for gun buyers. The law also allowed for the arming of teachers who were properly trained and the hiring of school police. Bump stocks would now be banned and some potentially violent or mentally unstable persons would be prohibited from possessing guns. The National Rifle Association (NRA) immediately filed a lawsuit that challenged the federal constitutionality of the age requirement clause Information Link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stoneman_Douglas_High_School_shooting Public Access America PublicAccessPod Productions #America #History #Podcast #Education #Not4Profit Footage downloaded and edited by PublicAccessPod Podcast Link Review us Stitcher: http://goo.gl/XpKHWB Review us iTunes: https://goo.gl/soc7KG Subscribe GooglePlay: https://goo.gl/gPEDbf YouTube https://goo.gl/xrKbJb
We Heard the Bells: The Influenza of 1918
We Heard the Bells: The Influenza of 1918 Department of Health and Human Services Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services In 1918-1919, the worst flu in recorded history killed an estimated 50 million people worldwide. The U.S. death toll was 675,000 - five times the number of U.S. soldiers killed in World War I. Where did the 1918 flu come from? Why was it so lethal? What did we learn? Study materials are available at avaianflu.gov. source link https://archive.org/details/gov.hhs.cms.006719 copyright link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
Wright Brothers
Wright Brothers - PART I the new inventions and innovations devised by the wrights to display their new aircraft. The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane. They made the first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft on December 17, 1903, four miles south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. In 1904–05 the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible. The brothers' fundamental breakthrough was their invention of three-axis control, which enabled the pilot to steer the aircraft effectively and to maintain its equilibrium. This method became and remains standard on fixed-wing aircraft of all kinds From the beginning of their aeronautical work, the Wright brothers focused on developing a reliable method of pilot control as the key to solving "the flying problem". This approach differed significantly from other experimenters of the time who put more emphasis on developing powerful engines. Using a small homebuilt wind tunnel, the Wrights also collected more accurate data than any before, enabling them to design and build wings and propellers that were more efficient than any before. Their first U.S. patent, 821,393, did not claim invention of a flying machine, but rather, the invention of a system of aerodynamic control that manipulated a flying machine's surfaces. They gained the mechanical skills essential for their success by working for years in their shop with printing presses, bicycles, motors, and other machinery. Their work with bicycles in particular influenced their belief that an unstable vehicle like a flying machine could be controlled and balanced with practice.[14] From 1900 until their first powered flights in late 1903, they conducted extensive glider tests that also developed their skills as pilots. Their bicycle shop employee Charlie Taylor became an important part of the team, building their first airplane engine in close collaboration with the brothers. The Wright brothers' status as inventors of the airplane has been subject to counter-claims by various parties. Much controversy persists over the many competing claims of early aviators. Edward Roach, historian for the Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park argues that they were excellent self-taught engineers who could run a small company, but they did not have the business skills or temperament to dominate the growing aviation industry. Source link https://archive.org/details/gov.dod.dimoc.21580 copyright link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/ information link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wright_brothers
Death of a Black Panther: The Fred Hampton Story
Death of a Black Panther: The Fred Hampton Story Death of a Black Panther: The Fred Hampton Story Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation. (1935 - ) ARC Identifier 12156 / Local Identifier 65.85. Iberian Hampton, et al Edward et al (U.S.D.C., N.D. Illinois), Civil Action No. 70-C-1384 Consolidated U.S. Attorney's Office, ca. 1969 - ca. 1970. NEWS REPORT: Presents accounts of police officers who made raid, Fred Hampton's wife Debora, who was in the bed with Hampton when he was slain, Illinois State Attorney General Edward V. Hanrahan of what occured at raid of Black Panther Party Chairman Fred Hampton's apartment, Chicago, Illinois, on 4 December 1969. Reviews charges and counter charges made by both sides and shows apartment where raid occured. Interviews with Doc Sachel, who was injured in raid, and Black Panther Minister of Defense Bobby Rush. Two Chicago area councilmen condemn raid. Black Panther attorney reads from Grand Jury, Federal District Court, Northern District of Illinois report which questions testimony given by officers to Grand Jury. Source link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.12156 copyright link https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/
Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park Yellowstone National Park is a national park located primarily in the U.S. state of Wyoming, although it also extends into Montana and Idaho. It was established by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1872.Yellowstone, the first National Park in the U.S. and widely held to be the first national park in the world, is known for its wildlife and its many geothermal features, especially Old Faithful Geyser, one of the most popular features in the park. It has many types of ecosystems, but the subalpine forest is the most abundant. It is part of the South Central Rockies forests ecoregion. Native Americans have lived in the Yellowstone region for at least 11,000 years. Aside from visits by mountain men during the early-to-mid-19th century, organized exploration did not begin until the late 1860s. Management and control of the park originally fell under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Interior, the first being Columbus Delano. However, the U.S. Army was subsequently commissioned to oversee management of Yellowstone for a 30-year period between 1886 and 1916. In 1917, administration of the park was transferred to the National Park Service, which had been created the previous year. Hundreds of structures have been built and are protected for their architectural and historical significance, and researchers have examined more than 1,000 archaeological sites. Yellowstone National Park spans an area of 3,468.4 square miles (8,983 km2), comprising lakes, canyons, rivers and mountain ranges. Yellowstone Lake is one of the largest high-elevation lakes in North America and is centered over the Yellowstone Caldera, the largest supervolcano on the continent. The caldera is considered an active volcano. It has erupted with tremendous force several times in the last two million years. Half of the world's geothermal features are in Yellowstone, fueled by this ongoing volcanism. Lava flows and rocks from volcanic eruptions cover most of the land area of Yellowstone. The park is the centerpiece of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, the largest remaining nearly-intact ecosystem in the Earth's northern temperate zone. Hundreds of species of mammals, birds, fish and reptiles have been documented, including several that are either endangered or threatened. The vast forests and grasslands also include unique species of plants. Yellowstone Park is the largest and most famous megafauna location in the Continental United States. Grizzly bears, wolves, and free-ranging herds of bison and elk live in the park. The Yellowstone Park bison herd is the oldest and largest public bison herd in the United States. Forest fires occur in the park each year; in the large forest fires of 1988, nearly one third of the park was burnt. Yellowstone has numerous recreational opportunities, including hiking, camping, boating, fishing and sightseeing. Paved roads provide close access to the major geothermal areas as well as some of the lakes and waterfalls. During the winter, visitors often access the park by way of guided tours that use either snow coaches or snowmobiles.
The Great Northern Sea Route
The Great Northern Sea Route National Archives and Records Administration - ARC 44539, LI 242-NPC-13 - THE GREAT NORTHERN SEA ROUTE - DVD Copied by Nick Stoller. Department of Justice. Office of Alien Property. (10/15/1946 - 09/01/1961). Scientific Documentary: The Russian icebreaker North Pole maps out a sea route from Murmansk to the most western sea port of Russia. North Pole moves through the Barents, Kara, Laptev, East Siberian, Chukchi and Bering Seas mapping a route and taking scientific samples of the ice and sea bed, checking the ice drift and the atmosphere of arctic region. Source link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.44539 copyright link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.44539
Soviet Active Measures
National Archives and Records Administration - ARC Identifier 54826 / Local Identifier 306.9798 - SOVIET ACTIVE MEASURES - U.S. Information Agency. (1982 - 10/01/1999). reviews the various measures, including disinformation, bribery, forgery, and overall dirty tricks employed abroad by the soviet union to further its aims. includes interviews with "newsweek"'s former chief correspondent arnaud de borchgrave, state department official dennis kux, french journalist/author jean francois revel, former soviet kgb officer stanislav levchenko, and former czechoslovak intelligence officer ladislav bittman (the latter two are defectors who had direct, personal experience in the field of active measures). documents communist actions and intentions. - Source link https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.54826 Copyright link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
New Brooklyn To New York Via Brooklyn Bridge-1899
I couldn't find any real information about this video but i love the history involved. I hope you like it as well.
Public Access America And Erase The Hate
Erase the Hate Join the Effort https://www.erasethehate.org/ on Twitter @EraseTheHate https://twitter.com/EraseTheHate On Facebook @EraseTheHateNow https://www.facebook.com/EraseTheHateNow/ On Instagram @EraseTheHateNow https://www.instagram.com/erasethehatenow/ #America #Safe #EndHate #Love #GetInvolved #FightAgainstHate #SupportChangeMakers #MakingADifference #LocalCommunities #AcrossTheCountry #ContentPlatforms #Feature #Stories #ChangeMakers #IndividualsAndOrganizations #ProactiveApproach #CounteringHate #CreatingInclusivity #EraseTheHate #AcceleratorAgainstHate #Technology #NewModel #AntiHate #NoHate #StopHate #NoMoreHate #HateHate Thank you to @erasethehatenow for being a new force for change in this world. We hope in the future to be working together to bring these stories of tolerance understanding education and empathy to our audience as well. Follow the links join the effort and help move the needle in America.
Alaska Highway
The Alaska Highway (also known as the Alaskan Highway, Alaska-Canadian Highway, or ALCAN Highway) was constructed during World War II for the purpose of connecting the contiguous United States to Alaska through Canada. It begins at the junction with several Canadian highways in Dawson Creek, British Columbia, and runs to Delta Junction, Alaska, via Whitehorse, Yukon. Completed in 1942 at a length of approximately 1,700 miles (2,700 km), as of 2012 it is 1,387 mi (2,232 km) long. The difference in distance is due to constant reconstruction of the highway, which has rerouted and straightened out numerous sections. The highway was opened to the public in 1948. Legendary over many decades for being a rough, challenging drive, the highway is now paved over its entire length. An informal system of historic mileposts developed over the years to denote major stopping points; Delta Junction, at the end of the highway, makes reference to its location at "Historic Milepost 1422." It is at this point that the Alaska Highway meets the Richardson Highway, which continues 96 mi (155 km) to the city of Fairbanks. This is often regarded, though unofficially, as the northern portion of the Alaska Highway, with Fairbanks at Historic Milepost 1520. Mileposts on this stretch of highway are measured from Valdez, rather than the Alaska Highway. The Alaska Highway is popularly (but unofficially) considered part of the Pan-American Highway, which extends south (despite its discontinuity in Panama) to Argentina. Source Link https://archive.org/details/gov.dod.dimoc.23086 Copyright Link https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/ Department of Defense PIN 23086 1944 CONSTRUCTION OF THE 1,500 MILES OF THE ALASKAN HIGHWAY.. Producer Department of Defense
Work@Home Scams: They Just Don't Pay!
[email protected] Scams: They Just Don't Pay! DeliveringJustice [email protected] Scams: They Just Don't Pay! A High Noon Bullet Working at home has become attractive to many stay-at-home moms, college students, and retirees. While some jobs are legitimate, others just don't deliver on their promises. This free, short film tells the story of a new type of work-at-home scam and how a young mother gets caught up in it. It also provides tips on how you can avoid being duped by criminals and what to do if you've been victimized. This High Noon Film is presented by the U.S. Postal Inspection Service. Make Big $$ working from your home! No commuting. No time clock. Be your own boss! Sounds great, doesn't it? Although there are genuine jobs working at home, many "offers" don't deliver on their promises. Before responding to a work at home opportunity, check it out. Protect Yourself: source link https://archive.org/details/gov.uspis.work_at_home copyright link https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/
Race Movies: The Popular Art of the 1920's
Race Movies: The Popular Art of the 1920's Race Movies: The Popular Art of the 1920's AVA16475VNB1, 1985 The program explores the contributions to filmmaking by blacks through the twenties, with a focus on the films and the production companies. Source link https://archive.org/details/gov.ntis.ava16475vnb1 copyright link https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/