The world's most famous sea. And to many, the world's favourite climate. Hot dry summers and wet winters - the Mediterranean Climate blesses the ancient lands of Spain, Italy, Greece, Turkey and Israel, but is also duplicated in far off lands, including the Pacific North-West of the USA, California, Chile, South Africa and Western and South Australia.
The sixth episode in a series exploring all the major climate zones of the world, here we show this part of the world in its full beauty, and uncover the secrets of why it is that way and show you the legendary lands and cities that lie within its influence.
Covering every inhabited continent on Earth except Asia, this climate's home is of course the Mediterranean Sea itself, spanning Portugal and Morocco in the far west, and covering most of Spain, the Algerian and Tunisian coasts, the Balearic Islands, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily and Malta, the Cote d'Azur of France, most of Italy (the Cinque Terre, the Amalfi coast, Tuscany and Campania), and then across the Adriatic Sea to the coasts of Croatia, Montenegro and Albania, and down into the mainland of Greece and the Greek islands. Continuing east, much of Turkey is blessed by this climate, and we finish at the far shore of this sea with Syria, Lebanon and Israel. Famous cities within this area include Lisbon, Madrid, Barcelona, Casablanca, Nice, Monaco, Florence, Rome, Athens, Istanbul, Damascus, Beirut, Tel Aviv and Jerusalem.
In North America, the entire west coast of the United States has this climate, from the cooler variant in Washington State and Oregon, down into California all the way to the Mexico border. Principal cities here that receive dry summers and wet winters are Seattle, Portland, San Francisco, Sacramento, Los Angeles and San Diego.
Central Chile has this climate, including its capital Santiago and principal port Valparaiso, as does the extreme south-west of South Africa including the city of Cape Town.
Lastly, the island continent of Australia has regions touched by this climate, these being the south west of Western Australia and the regional capital of Perth, and parts of South Australia including the state capital of Adelaide.
The Mediterranean climate is the birthplace of legendary civilisations including Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Carthage, and the Hebrew nation of Israel, as well as the spiritual home of the Catholic Church in Rome, and the old centre of Byzantium and the Ottoman Empire in Istanbul (Constantinople).
VIDEOGRAPHY AND PHOTOGRAPHY CREDITS
EXTRA SPECIAL MENTION to Milosh Kitchovitch for granting permission to use excerpts from his extensive collection of videos of our planet. Milosh's "Amazing Places on our Planet" YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/milosh9k
Excerpts from the following of Milosh's videos featured:
Positano and the Cinque Terre: https://youtu.be/SfBAe_CDh3Y
Leaning Tower of Pisa: https://youtu.be/VrdMs8kY5PY
Amalfi Coast: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9XpQTtj09vs
Athens & Delphi: https://youtu.be/_2oFV2Myq88
Pamukkale Salt Pools: https://youtu.be/w8EzWvukdxY
Cappodocia Rock Houses: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=00VaKcv47HA
Cape Town: https://youtu.be/ZDTFtx3yFSk
SPECIAL THANKS to the following for permission to their sequences:
Cesar Chavarria (Santiago drone footage) https://youtu.be/5n6H8zg3U_I
Geroviajero (Santiago drone footage) https://youtu.be/pA3tOpC5BU4
Sohc Ron (Adelaide drone footage) https://youtu.be/yKtR7XDkPyg
AND SPECIAL THANKS TO THESE AWESOME
SHARING AND CARING FOLKS IN THE CREATIVE COMMONS
Travel Chile (Santiago) https://youtu.be/6nvqoGwC-QI
Andrew Hansen (Perth) https://youtu.be/IBzvd9JBYUI
S Lui (Esperance) https://youtu.be/z4FjXCWCoWg
All'stralia - Australia para todos (Port Noarlunga) https://youtu.be/lafluZbKY54
Peter Roan (Greek vase) https://flic.kr/p/bHzhBB
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