IELTS Speaking Part 3: Discussion topic “Gender Equality”
1) What do you think about the role of women and men in your society nowadays?
As far as I am concerned, even though the society has tried hard to get both women and men to be equally involved in all walks of life, there are still multiple cases of inequality. Nowadays, both genders share a part of the office cubicles and getting paid at competitive wages, while on the home front, both sexes share more-or-less the same workload that is called housework. However, in many societies of the Asian, Arabic or African regions, the kitchen is still considered as the “favorite” spot for most women; and when men tried to take over cooking or cleaning, the society might have a peculiar look on them. Nevertheless, these days the situation is changing fast; as the unemployment rate soars, so does the number of men helping their wives in cooking, cleaning and taking care of the children. In addition, as both men and women enjoy the equal chance of education, more and more ladies are found working in the fields previously thought to be manned only by males. So generally speaking, I think the role of women and men in the society nowadays is relatively equal.
2) What should the society do to enhance the involvement of women in all the fields of work?
To be honest, I think that the involvement of women in most, or if possible, all the fields of work requires a very solid educational background and the constant support of both the family and the society. With that being said, to enhance the female workforce in both quantity and quality, the society should creates more opportunities for women to succeed in their academic endeavors. For instance: if both genders receive the same chance of education, then both men and women would be able to walk into the Executive Suite together. Additionally, efforts need to be taken to remove the social taboos related to the different professions, such as the one in the Medical field where people still hold a lot of doubts against the capability of male nurses or female surgeons. Besides, how could the ladies be working in every possible fields if the companies do not change their hiring policies? I know that many corporations have a certain … preference for male candidates over their female counterparts when it comes to technical or managerial positions, and that mindset need to be changed.
3) Do you think gender equality will ensure the country’s success? Why/Why not?
Well, it is hard to say, due to many factors involved. As you can see, both sexes have their advantages and also drawbacks; and according to recent statistics, a higher involvement of women in the workforce almost certainly indicates an economic success, with the exception of a few nations, for example South Korea and the United Arab Emigrate. Even though those countries enjoy a reputation of being highly developed, their ladies do not have an equal chance against their male counterparts in education as well as in the workforce, therefore other factors might have come into play and outweigh the drawbacks of gender equality. But one thing is for certain: the female workers can contribute as much as the male do. Therefore, it would be detrimental to not giving them the gender equality they deserve and the role of women is undeniable, as history has proven from time to time that the ladies formed the production and home front of a fighting military in wartime and also half of the hard-working labour force to build up the success of any nation. Generally speaking, I do think that the country’s success can be ensured by having gender equality.
4) According to the latest survey, men still earn much more than women do. Is this a gender inequality?
You know, this is such a hard question for me and I do think that specific knowledge are required to answer this. Well, you see, more often than not do we see men sitting in the CEO lounge or business clubs talking to each others over important business matters, which indicates their sizable paychecks, than seeing the ladies in those places. And is this an inequality in this male-dominated world? Maybe partly. I think that nowadays most women still earn less due to the fact that they might receive fewer chances of promotion, or less good offers compared to their male peers, not to mention the fact of their generally weaker physique which deters them from working as many hours as men do. However, as science has proven, it might be due to the hormones as well; as a higher Testosterone level (in male or female) might result in an increased productivity and the so-called “will power”, hence the higher pay for the male labourers might not be too hard to predict. So all in all, I do not think that this is a gender inequality.