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Oracle SQL Tutorial 25 - ASCII and Unicode
 
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In the previous video we talked about some of the most popular data types. We are going to discuss them in more detail. The data type we are going to start with is CHAR and NCHAR. I told you of both of these but I never explained the difference. That's because there is some other stuff I need to explain before I can explain the difference. This has to deal with what is known as character sets. When you have a string, there are only so many characters you are allowed to store in that string. The characters you are allowed to store is determined by what is known as the character set. A common character set is ASCII. This character set allows you to store English characters, numbers, and some symbols. ASCII started with 127 characters, and then they came out with the ASCII extended, which allows for up to 255 characters. Even with 255 characters though, we are limited in what we can store using one character set. If the computer only allows ASCII, we are going to be limited when working with different languages. Of course it works for some situations, but globalization of software has been a big thing with the development of the interwebs …and the movement towards a new world order (Revelation 13:7). That means that ASCII is no longer the best character set. It has largely been replaced with a character set known as Unicode. Oracle has a few Unicode character sets that we can use when we work with string data. When you start studying character sets, I can promise that you will run across the word encoding. Encoding refers to the way that the allowed characters can be stored on the computer. A computer doesn't just store a letter, everything has to be stored in binary. Unicode is the character set, but it has numerous different encodings. Essentially, the computer can store the same characters in multiple different ways, depending on which encoding is used. The most popular encodings for Unicode are UTF-8 and UTF-16. UTF stands for Unicode Transformation Format. In the next video we will be discussing these in detail and express their differences. Once we got that down, we'll be able to loop back around to data types. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 4892 Caleb Curry
ascii,instr | sql functions | oracle database 11g version 2 |
 
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executed in oracle database 11g version 2
Views: 101 Education 4u
Oralce CHR Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-chr/ The Oracle CHR function allows users to provide a numeric code and return the ASCII character that matches the code. It’s the opposite of the ASCII function, which allows you to provide a character and return the code for that character. The syntax of the CHR function is: CHR(number_code [, USING NCHAR_CS]) The number code parameter is the code that you want to return the equivalent character for. The USING NCHAR_CS keyword means that the national character set will be used. More information on character sets can be found here: One common use of the CHR function is CHR(10). The number 10 is the line feed character, or “new line”, and is often used to start a new line of text. CHR(13) is also a common use, which is a carriage return. CHR(9) is a tab character. For more information on the Oracle CHR function, including the SQL used in this video, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-chr/
Views: 79 Database Star
ASCII Function in SQL Query with Example
 
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ASCII(): ASCII function returns the NUMBER code that represents the specified character. Sytax: ASCII( single_character ) PARAMETERS: single_character is the specified character to retrieve the NUMBER code for. If more than one character is entered, the ASCII function will return the value for the first character and ignore all of the characters after the first. Let's look at some Oracle ASCII function examples and explore how you would use the ASCII function in Oracle/PLSQL. For example: ASCII('C') would return 67 ASCII('T') would return 84 ASCII('T2') would also return 84 Thanks for watching...:)
Views: 1184 WingsOfTechnology
SQL function ASCII() , Char() With example in Hindi Part 1
 
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In this video, We will learn system define function of string ASCII() and Char() in SQL.
Unicode-UTF-ASCII
 
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Learn Java
Views: 17567 spoddern
Oracle SQL Tutorial 26 - UTF-8 and UTF-16
 
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UTF-8 and UTF-16 are different encodings for the Unicode character set. Let's discuss UTF-8 first. UTF-8 is what is known as a variable-length character set. This means that the amount of storage a character takes up depends on what character it is. For example, if we store the character A, it will only take up one byte. In fact, ASCII is a subset of UTF-8. That means UTF-8 encoding can work with ASCII data. If you are new to computer storage, a byte is a very small amount of information. The smallest thing a computer can store is a bit. 1 or 0. On or off. There are 8 bits in a byte, 1024 bytes in a kilobyte, 1024 kilobytes in a megabyte, 1024 megabytes in a gigabyte, and 1024 gigabytes in a terabyte, and 1024 terabytes in a petabyte. Considering it is completely possible for a database to be multiple petabytes, you can understand that a byte is very small. If you store a non-English character, the size of UTF-8 will increase to 2, 3, or 4 bytes. If you think back to when we used the VARCHAR data type, we passed in 50 CHAR. The reason we throw in that CHAR is that the default for Oracle is 50 characters. Now you can understand why adding the CHAR might be important. If a character can take up multiple bytes, you cannot guarantee 50 characters. Now, on to UTF-16. UTF-16 is also a variable length encoding, but it differs in that It is either 2 or 4 bytes. That means to store an A, it now takes two bytes rather than one. Even though a byte is so small, when you are storing billions of characters, an unnecessary byte really adds up to a lot of wasted storage. We can only represent so many characters with 2 bytes. When we run out of options, we move to four bytes to allow for other characters. Which do we use? It often depends on what platform you are on and also what languages you are working with. For example, if you are working with Asian language, UTF-16 stores each character in 2 bytes while UTF-8 stores each character in 3 bytes. So you could save space by using UTF-16. Additionally, UTF-16 works better when you are writing code in Java or something from Microsoft .NET because UTF-16, or a subset of it called UCS-2, is widely adopted. Other than that, UTF-8 will be the one you want. Now that we have built a pretty good foundation of character sets, we can now continue our discussion of data types. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 6295 Caleb Curry
What is ASCII and How to Create Table of Complete ASCII Chars
 
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CREATE ASCII TABLE IN EXCEL, KNOW ASCII, What is the Ascii code, What is an example of ascii, #HindiTutorial #DilipSir #askDilipSir #Youtuber #YouTube #you_tuber #Dilip #sir #india #tech #technology #videos #best #tutorial #how #know_how #CSharp #Excel #Word #HTML #CSS #ComputerTips_Tricks #ASP.net #WinFormApp #HowtoFix #VisualStudio #MSPowerPoint #OutLook #SQL #Hindi #Urdu #SocialTech #Facebook #GamePlays #gameplay #game_play #playGame #CallofDuty #CsharpinHindi #HTML5 #Advance_Excel #IA, #RRB, #IBPS, #SSC, #UPPSC, #2nd Grade, #LDC, #POLICE, #COMPUTER, #RAILWAY, #ASSISTANT, #TEACHER
Views: 51 Dilip MJ Gangwar
Юникод, UCS, и UTF
 
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Редкий человек сегодня не слышал о таких понятиях как Юникод и UTF. Но, к несчастью, редкий человек понимает разницу между ними. В этом видео я описываю разницу и связь между такими понятиями, а также то, как в принципе работает UCS-1, UCS-2, UTF-8, UTF-16. Это видео оказалось на много дольше обычных, и так как записывалось оно ещё дольше чем длинна конечного видео, было допущено небольшое количество незначительных ошибок. Они были скорректированы в всплывающих блоках. Я считаю, что лучше признаться, что я оговорился и исправиться, чем просто не выкладывать видео.
Views: 4284 Volodya Mozhenkov
CHR Function in SQL Query with Example
 
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CHR(): The Oracle/PLSQL CHR function is the opposite of the ascii function. It returns the character based on the NUMBER code. Syntax: CHR( number_code ) Here number_code is the NUMBER code used to retrieve the character. Example: Let's look at some Oracle CHR function examples and explore how you would use the CHR function in Oracle/PLSQL. CHR(116) would return 't' CHR(84) would return 'T' Thanks for watching...:)
Views: 854 WingsOfTechnology
Standards: ASCII vs Unicode (Java)
 
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The video looks at the underpinnings of Java's character (char) data type. It looks at how ASCII was created and show how Unicode took its place as the standard.
Views: 9506 Nathan Schutz
MySQL 25 - CHAR Data Type
 
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The first category of data types that we are going to cover in this MySQL series are the string data types, or character data types. There are two that I am going to talk about in this video, CHAR and VARCHAR. We'll start with CHAR. CHAR is a string data type where you specify how many characters are allowed in parenthesis after you declare the column as this type. For example, we can say CHAR(50) to allow up to 50 characters for each value in that column. The thing to know about CHAR though is that it is a fixed-length string. That means every single value inside of that column is actually going to be whatever you declare the length as. So if you say CHAR(50), every string is going to be 50 characters long. If, for example, you have a row that only uses 40 characters, MySQL will pad the right side of the string with spaces until it fills 50 characters. Now, the highest value you can put in here is 255. The 255 refers to characters. This means that you can have strings with up to 255 characters. How does the computer know how to store these characters? That has to deal with the character set and the encoding of the characters. By default, MySQL is going to use UTF-8. We are not going to discuss UTF-8 in detail for a while but essentially UTF-8 says that each character can take up to 3 bytes of storage. 255 comes from the max number you can count to using binary. So if we are keeping track of how many values are in this column in an 8 bit number, 255 is the highest. If you don't know what I'm talking about it, we'll worry about it later. You can actually make the column CHAR(0). In this situation, the only thing you could put in as a value for this column is an empty string (''). When retrieving variable length CHAR data from a database it may not look like the database pads the value. That's because MySQL actually strips spaces from the value when presented. If you want to keep all of the spaces that have been added when you retrieve the value, you can do that. Look up PAD_CHAR_TO_FULL_LENGTH online. In the next video we are going to discuss VARCHAR. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 4067 Caleb Curry
Converting ASCII values to Characters Hindi
 
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ENG - This video explains steps for generating characters by pressing ASCII value in notepad. HINDI - यह वीडियो दिखाता है कि कैसे आप ASCII को character में परिवर्तित कर सकते हैं।
Views: 176 TamePass
Oracle LOWER Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-upper-lower/ The Oracle LOWER function is used to convert a string to a lowercase value. It’s useful for comparing text or string values that may have mixed case, such as user input or data from different tables. The opposite of the LOWER function is the UPPER function (which converts to upper case). The syntax of LOWER is: LOWER(input_string) The input_string is the string value to convert to a lower case value. It can be any of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, NVARCHAR2, CLOB, or NCLOB. The return type is the same as the input type. You can use the LOWER function in a WHERE clause. However, unless you have a function-based index on the column, any indexes won’t be used. For example, if you have an index on first_name, a query that uses “WHERE LOWER(first_name)” won’t use this index. You’ll have to create an index on the LOWER(first_name) for this to be used. It’s not required, but it’s just something to keep in mind. For more information about the Oracle LOWER function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-upper-lower/
Views: 39 Database Star
Oracle10g / Single Row Functions / Conversion Functions
 
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دوال الصف الواحد للتحويل وتشمل : TO_CHAR, TO_NUMBER, TO_DATE, CHR, ASCII http://docs.oracle.com/cd/B19306_01/server.102/b14200/functions001.htm
Views: 979 Saif Academy
ASCII and UNICODE explained
 
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brief description of character data representation
Views: 786 Sonny Dewhurst
ꘒ0003 Unicode Symbols Single byte and Multibyte Oracle Databases
 
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 🐧 僠 僰 ♠ ♣ ♥ ♦ ⓭ ⧨
Views: 211 Geraldo Viana
Génération d'une Table ASCII avec SQL Server
 
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▭▭▭▭▭▭▭▭▭▭▭ஜ۩۞۩ஜ▭▭▭▭▭▭▭▭▭▭▭▭ Dans cette vidéo je vous montre comment générer une table ASCII en SQL Server Mon Blog : http://easytutoriels.over-blog.com/ Mon Email : [email protected]
Views: 882 choupettte85
SQL ASCII Function - how to use ASCII function
 
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SQL ASCII function returns the NUMBER code that represents the specified character. It is the opposite of the CHAR function. visit Dose for excel Add-In website: http://www.zbrainsoft.com/ Visit our channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCI4bMWYzrBTs47KINXL92Kw
Strings in PL SQL Tutorial
 
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Subscribe for more PL SQL tutorials https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7sbHUgN8FnJEZkEjvKTwJg String Function & Purpose 1 ASCII(x); Returns the ASCII value of the character x. 2 CHR(x); Returns the character with the ASCII value of x. 3 CONCAT(x, y); Concatenates the strings x and y and return the appended string. 4 INITCAP(x); Converts the initial letter of each word in x to uppercase and returns that string. 5 INSTR(x, find_string [, start] [, occurrence]); Searches for find_string in x and returns the position at which it occurs. 6 INSTRB(x); Returns the location of a string within another string, but returns the value in bytes. 7 LENGTH(x); Returns the number of characters in x. TUTORIALSPOINT Simply Easy Learning Page 59 8 LENGTHB(x); Returns the length of a character string in bytes for single byte character set. 9 LOWER(x); Converts the letters in x to lowercase and returns that string. 10 LPAD(x, width [, pad_string]) ; Pads x with spaces to left, to bring the total length of the string up to width characters. 11 LTRIM(x [, trim_string]); Trims characters from the left of x. 12 NANVL(x, value); Returns value if x matches the NaN special value (not a number), otherwise x is returned. 13 NLS_INITCAP(x); Same as the INITCAP function except that it can use a different sort method as specified by NLSSORT. 14 NLS_LOWER(x) ; Same as the LOWER function except that it can use a different sort method as specified by NLSSORT. 15 NLS_UPPER(x); Same as the UPPER function except that it can use a different sort method as specified by NLSSORT. 16 NLSSORT(x); Changes the method of sorting the characters. Must be specified before any NLS function; otherwise, the default sort will be used. 17 NVL(x, value); Returns value if x is null; otherwise, x is returned. 18 NVL2(x, value1, value2); Returns value1 if x is not null; if x is null, value2 is returned. 19 REPLACE(x, search_string, replace_string); Searches x for search_string and replaces it with replace_string. 20 RPAD(x, width [, pad_string]); Pads x to the right. 21 RTRIM(x [, trim_string]); Trims x from the right. 22 SOUNDEX(x) ; Returns a string containing the phonetic representation of x. 23 SUBSTR(x, start [, length]); Returns a substring of x that begins at the position specified by start. An optional length for the substring may be supplied. 24 SUBSTRB(x); Same as SUBSTR except the parameters are expressed in bytes instead of characters for the single-byte character systems. 25 TRIM([trim_char FROM) x); Trims characters from the left and right of x. 26 UPPER(x); Converts the letters in x to uppercase and returns that string.
Views: 316 Puzzle Guru
Oracle RTRIM Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-trim/ The Oracle RTRIM function allows you to remove a specific character from the right side of a string. It’s one of the most commonly used string manipulation functions in SQL, in my experience. The “R” in “RTRIM” stands for “right”. It’s often used to remove spaces from the right of a string. However it can be used to remove other characters, such as trailing slashes from URLs. The syntax for the RTRIM function is: RTRIM(input_string, [trim_character]) The input_string is the text you want to remove characters from. It can be any kind of expression, such as a specific text value or a column. The trim_character is the character you want to remove from the right of the string. It’s an optional parameter, and if you don’t specify it, then a space character is used by the function. The parameters can be any type of string. The function will return either a VARCHAR2 or a LOB data type, depending on the type of data you specify in the parameters. You can specify more than one value for the trim_character, and the RTRIM function will remove both characters from the right of the string. The function is similar to the LTRIM value, where LTRIM removes characters from the left of the string. For more information on the RTRIM function, including the SQL used in this video, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-trim/
Views: 98 Database Star
Interacting with SQL functions(ASCII(),CHAR(),BIN(),HEX(),OCT(),BIT_LENGTH(),CHAR_LENGTH())
 
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a few functions which are used in SQL, if you have any questions feel free to ask them in the comments.
Views: 263 Akash Zeus
How to Find ASCII Value of a Character in Java
 
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Views: 54 T3SO Tutorials
nchar, nvarchar, and ntext Microsoft SQL Server Tutorial - Unicode Data Types
 
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What considerations do Unicode data types such as nvarchar and nchar have over ASCII ones? This Microsoft SQL Server tutorial provides an overview.
Views: 7349 Edward Kench
Oracle SQL Tutorial 29 - NCHAR Part 1
 
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NCHAR is another data type available in Oracle database. This data type is very similar to the char data type with some key differences. NCHAR is also known as the national character set. This is a data type that allows us to store Unicode characters. It is really recommended that you watch the two videos over Unicode and UTF-8 because this video is going to talk a lot about it. Why is it that we have an entire data type dedicated to storing Unicode? That will be easily understood once we understand how character sets and encodings are applied to Oracle. They are applied at the database level. That means that you have a character set that applies to the entire database. This is in contrast to some database management systems that allow you to apply a data type at the table and column level. For example, in MySQL you can make a table have a character set, and make a specific column in that table a different character set. That means we can customize everything at the expense of adding potential complexity and confusion. Oracle does not work that way. In Oracle, we define one character set for the entire database. The problem with defining a character set for the entire database is that it may not be the character set we want to use for everything. That is where the NCHAR column comes in. The NCHAR column allows us to have a Unicode column inside of a database that does not use Unicode as the default character set. That is important because it is very often that we want to use Unicode but we may not need to use it for everything, for example if that application is working with ASCII nearly all of the time. If you are using Unicode for the database, then NCHAR is not going to be needed and should not be used. This data type is not as widely accepted, so only use it if you absolutely need to, specifically when you need to store Unicode in a non-Unicode database. Additionally, there is some controversy when it comes to whether or not you should use the CHAR and NCHAR data types in Oracle at all. We will discuss why in an upcoming video. In the next video we are going to go over some specific character sets that Oracle can use. See you then! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Suppor me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 3441 Caleb Curry
String Functions in SQL Server part-I || ASCII, CHAR,CHARINDEX,CONCAT Function in SQL Server
 
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This video will provide you the details of each string functions in SQL Server 2014. I'll be walking through each and every kinds of build in function which are available in SQL Server in my next videos. ******************************************************************************************** ASCII (Transact-SQL) Returns the ASCII code value of the leftmost character of a character expression.  Syntax -- Syntax for SQL Server, Azure SQL Database, Azure SQL Data Warehouse, Parallel Data Warehouse ASCII ( character_expression )  Arguments character_expression Is an expression of the type char or varchar.  Return Types int ******************************************************************************************** CHAR (Transact-SQL) Converts an int ASCII code to a character.  Syntax -- Syntax for SQL Server, Azure SQL Database, Azure SQL Data Warehouse, Parallel Data Warehouse CHAR ( integer_expression )  Arguments integer_expression Is an integer from 0 through 255. NULL is returned if the integer expression is not in this range.  Return Types char(1) ******************************************************************************************** CHARINDEX (Transact-SQL) Searches an expression for another expression and returns its starting position if found.  Syntax -- Syntax for SQL Server, Azure SQL Database, Azure SQL Data Warehouse, Parallel Data Warehouse CHARINDEX ( expressionToFind , expressionToSearch [ , start_location ] )  Arguments expressionToFind Is a character expression that contains the sequence to be found. expressionToFind is limited to 8000 characters. expressionToSearch Is a character expression to be searched. start_location Is an integer or bigint expression at which the search starts. If start_location is not specified, is a negative number, or is 0, the search starts at the beginning of expressionToSearch.  Return Types bigint if expressionToSearch is of the varchar(max), nvarchar(max), or varbinary(max) data types; otherwise, int. ******************************************************************************************** CONCAT (Transact-SQL) Returns a string that is the result of concatenating two or more string values.  Syntax -- Syntax for SQL Server, Azure SQL Database, Azure SQL Data Warehouse, Parallel Data Warehouse CONCAT ( string_value1, string_value2 [, string_valueN ] )  Arguments string_value A string value to concatenate to the other values.  Return Types String, the length and type of which depend on the input.
Views: 142 Softtech forum
Oracle SQL Tutorial 27 - CHAR Part 1
 
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This video and the next is going to cover CHAR and NCHAR. Be sure to check out the previous two videos as these are going to introduce you to some foundational knowledge required to understand these data types. CHAR is a fixed-length data type. What that means is that every value for a CHAR column is going to be the same length. You specify the length in parenthesis when you create the table. The thing you need to know though is that the default measurement is in bytes. That means if you specify the length to be CHAR(50), the length of each value will be 50 bytes, by default. If you want to change that to 50 characters, you can pass in the word CHAR as in CHAR(50 CHAR). This is known as a qualifier. Specifically, they are known as length semantics qualifiers (describes the meaning of the given length). Now, I said the default was bytes, but you can actually change the default to characters. In that situation, you can actually use the keyword BYTE to break away from the default. In general, it's best to put CHAR or BYTE even if it is the default. In general, it's best to keep things consistent. It's okay to have these measured in CHAR or BYTE, but it is recommended that every column is the same. It allows you to be more consistent as if some columns measure length in bytes and some measure length in characters, things can get confusing. If you do want to change the default, look up NLS_LENGTH_SEMANTICS as well as the potential problems it may bring. What values are allowed in parenthesis? That is what we are going to discuss in the next video. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 3870 Caleb Curry
Introduction to UTF-8 and Unicode
 
11:07
This video gives an introduction to UTF-8 and Unicode. It gives a detail description of UTF-8 and how to encode in UTF-8. This is a video presentation of the article "How about Unicode and UTF-8" which was published on www.gamedev.net. Writing an STL-Style UTF-8 String Class - http://squaredprogramming.blogspot.com/2013/12/writing-stl-style-utf-8-string-class.html How about Unicode and UTF-8 - http://www.gamedev.net/page/resources/_/technical/general-programming/how-about-unicode-and-utf-8-r3322 www.squaredprogramming.com
Views: 131652 Squared Programming
Oracle SQL Tutorial 24 - Important Data Types
 
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In the upcoming videos we are going to discuss data types in depth, but I don't want to drown you in all of the details. Because of that, I'm giving you this video which is going to introduce you to the most important data types. Then, in the upcoming videos, I'll describe them in more depth. One of the data types we've already discussed in this video is NUMBER. This data type is used to, obviously, store a number. It can be used to store integers (whole numbers), or numbers with decimals. There are two other numeric data types you should know of. BINARY_FLOAT and BINARY_DOUBLE are both numeric data types that are known as floating point numbers. A floating point number is often used for large numbers that have decimal places where it is acceptable to not be completely precise. What I mean by this is that these numbers can only store numbers correctly up to a certain decimal point. If you need perfect precision, you will want to use the NUMBER data type. Now storing numbers is good sometimes, but occasionally you will want to store string data. String data can be any sequence of characters, including numbers. By telling the database that a column is a string data type, the database knows how to treat that column. There are four important string data types that you need to know about. The first two are CHAR and NCHAR. These data types are used to store a fixed-length string. So for example, you can say you want to store 12 characters. This means that every value for this column will be exactly 12 characters. If you insert less than 12 characters, the data will be padded with spaces. This means you will want to use one of these data types when every value in the column is the same length. What is the difference between CHAR and NCHAR? CHAR uses what is known as ASCII while NCHAR uses Unicode. The difference is what characters are allowed and how much space each character takes. ASCII takes up less space but only supports English, numbers, and some symbols. UNICODE allows you to store characters from multiple languages but takes up more space. Those were both fixed-length string. What if you want to store data that changes in length? That is where VARCHAR2 and NVARCHAR2 come in. When it comes to storing dates, the data types that are most important are DATE and TIMESTAMP. Date can be used to store dates and time. Timestamp is a data type that can be used to store an exact moment in time. Lastly, there are interval types. These store a date range. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 5469 Caleb Curry
Charsets Types: ASCII, ANSI, IOS-8859 and UTF-8/16 [HTML in Arabic #23]
 
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Charsets Types: ASCII, ANSI, IOS-8859, and UTF-8/16 To know what language and characters you like to know, you must know what types of char set can you use, but if you like the universal most chars, then you use -- meta charset="utf-8".
Views: 375 Salah Bedeiwi
SQL ASCII() Function
 
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The SQL ASCII() is a function, and return a number (ascii value) that represent of a given character from query result.
Views: 268 suresh babu
008 - String Functions - ASCII, LTRIM, RTRIM
 
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how to use the fllowing String functions in SQL ASCII LTRIM RTRIM TRIM
Views: 84 Rishabh Jain
Oracle SQL Tutorial 32 - VARCHAR2 and NVARCHAR2
 
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This video we are going to discuss the VARCHAR2 and the NVARCHAR2 data types. The previous videos are a good foundation to this video. I've actually discussed so much stuff in those videos that I don’t have a whole lot to say. Good for you, right? I discussed over the previous videos that you should prefer to use VARCHAR2 over CHAR. That's because there is not a difference in performance or storage for a VARCHAR2 column. The only difference is that an CHAR column forces each value to take up a certain length even if it's not. There is one difference between the variable length and fixed length data types here that you need to know about, and that is storage limits. CHAR has a limit of 2000 bytes, while VARCHAR2 has a limit of 4000 bytes. That means you can store twice as much junk in a VARCHAR2 column! Other than that, these data types work exactly the same. I recommend you always use the VARCHAR2 data types instead of the CHAR data types, and only use NVARCHAR2 if you have a non-Unicode database. This will allow you to store Unicode characters in a column. Now, the amount of storage you can put in a VARCHAR2 column is twice what you can put in a CHAR column, but 4000 characters is still not very many characters. This is where the LOB data types come in, which we will discuss in the next video! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 4526 Caleb Curry
Characters in a computer - Unicode Tutorial (UTF-32 & UTF-16)(2/3)
 
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This tutorial talks about some basic aspects of unicode using the examples of utf-32 and utf-16 encodings.
Views: 57940 dizauvi
Oracle SQL Tutorial 30 - UTF-8 and UTF-16 Character Sets
 
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A few videos ago we discussed UTF-8 and UTF-16 encoding, but when we are working with a database we do not worry about encodings as much as we do character sets. That's because a specific character set is going to have a specific encoding. The reason I am making this video is to introduce you to the most common character sets and to teach you the differences. That’s because as we go into the national character sets we need to understand the information taught in this video. So the first character set I am going to teach you about is AL32UTF8. AL32UTF8 is a character set that uses the uff-8 encoding and each character can take up to 4 bytes with the utf-8 encoding. There is another character set (not encoding) called utf8 (no hyphen) which is also encoded with UTF-8. This can be a little confusing because UTF8 is the name of an encoding and a character set, but bear with me. Both of these character sets are UTF-8 encoded, but UTF8 uses an older version of UTF-8 encoding. Generally, they work about the same, but the way certain characters are stored is slightly different, specifically way certain characters are stored is slightly different, specifically what are known as supplementary characters, which take up 4 bytes. The max size for a UTF8 character set is 3 bytes, as they do not directly support the supplementary characters as 4 bytes but instead store them across 2 groups of 3 bytes each. Oracle recommends that you use AL32UTF8 for all future development instead of the archaic UTF8 character set. There is another character set that you should know about, and that is AL16UTF16, which uses the UTF-16 encoding. Watch my video over UTF-8 and UTF-16 to learn more about UTF-16. Lastly, there is a character set known as UTFE, which uses an encoding known as UTF-EBCDIC. This is like a super archaic character set, and I'm not even going to talk about it. I thought I would at least mention it as it is going to come up a bit in the next video's topic. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 5853 Caleb Curry
Find Special Character in a string using Sql
 
01:10
In this video we learn how to find the special character , number in a string using sql server. -- How to Find Number and character in a string SELECT Employeeid,LastName FROM Employees WHERE LastName like '%[^0-9A-Z]%' -- How to find Special Character in a string SELECT Employeeid,LastName FROM Employees WHERE LastName like '%[@,#,$,%,*]%' -- How to find number in a string SELECT Employeeid,LastName FROM Employees WHERE LastName like '%[0-9]%'
Views: 1534 SmartCode
SQL CHAR Function - how to use CHAR Function
 
00:54
SQL CHAR function is the opposite of the ASCII function. It returns the character based on the NUMBER code. visit Dose for excel Add-In website: http://www.zbrainsoft.com/ Visit our channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCI4bMWYzrBTs47KINXL92Kw
Unicode and character encoding
 
03:54
Internationalization and localization expert Adam Asnes of Lingoport discusses Unicode and character encoding in this video.
Views: 43508 Lingoport
Fibotrader Tutorial - 32. ASCII Import, Yahoo Data, Bulk Import & Import Templates
 
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This is part of a full walkthrough of the Fibotrader software which will cover a complete scenario giving detailed examples for all major functionalities. The tour is done by Robert Wetzold, one of the lead developers and architects of the software package. It is completely free to use as long as you supply your own ASCII data. Professional subscriptions to real time data vendors like Interactive Brokers and TaiPan RT are also available. You can download the software in German and English at http://www.fibotrader.com
Views: 2011 FibotraderSoftware
Oracle UPPER Function
 
02:32
https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-upper-lower/ The Oracle UPPER function is used to convert a string to an uppercase value. It capitalises a string value. It’s useful for comparing text or string values that may have mixed case, such as user input or data from different tables. The opposite of the UPPER function is the LOWER function (which converts to lower case). The syntax of UPPER is: UPPER(input_string) The input_string is the string value to convert to an upper case value. It can be any of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, NVARCHAR2, CLOB, or NCLOB. The return type is the same as the input type. You can use the UPPER function in a WHERE clause. However, unless you have a function-based index on the column, any indexes won’t be used. For example, if you have an index on first_name, a query that uses “WHERE UPPER(first_name)” won’t use this index. You’ll have to create an index on the UPPER(first_name) for this to be used. It’s not required, but it’s just something to keep in mind. For more information about the Oracle UPPER function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-upper-lower/
Views: 94 Database Star
Java - char data type, identifiers, unicode escape, UTF-16 encoding
 
51:31
recording of sesson on Data Types - part related to Unicode, char type, unicode escape, etc.
Views: 213 classofjava
Oracle GREATEST Function
 
02:43
https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-greatest/ The Oracle GREATEST function is a useful function, but I don’t think it’s very well understood. It returns the greatest or largest value in a set of values. You can provide the values, and use numbers or text values. The syntax for the Oracle GREATEST function is: GREATEST(expr1 [, expr_n]) The expr1 is the first expression to use for your comparison. Expr_n is one or more expressions to use in the comparison, separated by commas. This is optional. So how is GREATEST calculated? If the parameters are numeric, the GREATEST function finds the largest number. If the parameters are characters, the function finds the latest value if they were sorted alphabetically (using their character values). What data type is returned? It depends on the parameters you provide. It could be the same as the parameters you provide, or VARCHAR2 if the parameters are all characters. You can also use the GREATEST function with dates. It’s also the opposite of the LEAST function. For more information on the GREATEST function, including the SQL used in this video and the examples, read the related post here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-greatest/
Views: 209 Database Star
AskTOM TV - how to do string parsing with INSTR
 
06:46
blog: https://connor-mcdonald.com A short video to help you understand the "thought process" behind answering AskTom questions. ========================================­­­­============== Copyright © 2017 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 1058 Connor McDonald
Using COUNT in Other Ways (Introduction to Oracle SQL)
 
04:09
Other ways to use the COUNT function in SQL. The full Introduction to Oracle SQL course is available here: https://www.databasestar.com/introduction-to-oracle-sql-course/
Views: 113 Database Star
Core Java Tutorials | Java Programming in Easy Steps | Why Java character occupies 2 bytes
 
06:36
Core Java Tutorials | Java Programming in Easy Steps | Why Java character occupies 2 bytes This video explains clearly what is the difference between ASCII and UNICODE character system and why character occupies 2 bytes in java application.
Views: 671 Java tutorials Blog
3 2 intro to oracle datatypes
 
08:35
Video from our Oracle SQL course. Check out the full course at.. http://learn.hackpress.co/courses/oracle-sql-learning-by-example
Views: 2670 etldeveloper

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