Ten most recognized Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) family in semiconductor/electronic industry today.
▶ YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/c/Engineering8
▶ Our Tweets: https://twitter.com/YT_Engineering8
▶ Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/Engineering8Channel
▶ Tumblr: http://engineering8.tumblr.com/
▶ Google+ page: https://goo.gl/upGvEV
Designed by Mitsubishi, now owned by Renesas. Consists of 8-bit, 16-bit, and 32-bit microcontrollers (MCU). Can be found in lots of Japanese home and office appliances.
by autosdeprimera, https://goo.gl/4s8cKW
by Tom Jefferson, https://goo.gl/q9MIVx
by KTPH ,https://goo.gl/PvOsQz
RISC based ISA introduced by MIPS Technologies in 1981, now owned by Imagination Technologies. Became leader in the market in 90s when majority game consoles ship with it. It's also popular in universities for teaching CPU architecture due to its simplicity and proper implementations of RISC philosophy. Today, some routers and entry level Android tablets are produced with MIPS SoC.
by RCR Wireless News, https://goo.gl/zPTiHN
by MrVenom1974, https://goo.gl/L2TWJX
by TA31 Entertainment, https://goo.gl/xqEuIa
Developed at university in Trondheim, Norway in 1996. MCUs produced called Atmega families which consists of various 8-bit, 16-bit and 32-bit MCU models produced by Atmel. Very popular among hobbyists and became even popular as Arduino solutions launched. Still, as popular as it is, Atmel eventually acquired by Microchip Inc., their nemesis as how fans from both parties portrayed about it.
by ARMdevices.net, https://goo.gl/PuMH91
by HomoFaciens, https://goo.gl/3ck8pb
by Atmel, https://goo.gl/8I8JJx
Developed by NEC, V850 is the most used instruction set among 17 ISA families in Renesas catalog. Heck, it's the world's most popular MCU in 2008/9. Used extensively by Japanese automobile players, and some PC hardware peripherals.
by AReResearch, https://goo.gl/0s9M6l
by MMD, https://goo.gl/fI1tsu
6. Power Architecture
At first developed by IBM under the name POWER ISA, while PowerPC was created shortly after in mission to rival x86 in early 90s. PS3 and XBox 360 among its user. Nowadays, Power computers produced by IBM used in HPC and enterprise segments.
by retrogamefox, https://goo.gl/kQbdND
by helmut satzger, https://goo.gl/ODrcMw
Introduced by Sun Microsystems which now owned by Oracle, SPARC is open ISA nonetheless. Fujitsu and Oracle are the only vendors producing SPARC CPUs for use in data center and HPC market. Stands for Scalable Processor Architecture (SPARC), it is the best architecture for running multicore-multicpu applications. In fact, K computer listed as world's best supercomputer for running any parallel applications according to Graph500.
by , https://goo.gl/fum8sN
A billion unit of MCUs sold annually, without doubt PIC family MCU should be in the list for being popular by both hobbyists and industry alike. The family encompasses 8-bit and 16-bit MCU with 16-bit dsPIC and 32-bit as its derivatives. Its MCUs offer loads of features which other competing MCUs usually lacks for its class makes it a main point of its popularity beside huge community and libraries available online.
by unlokia, https://goo.gl/tBrhjm
by Terry Sturtevant, https://goo.gl/VBVZbr
3. 8051 / MCS-51
8-bit MCU architecture launched by Intel in 1980 for embedded systems. Most used MCU family until early 90s while its derivatives, MCS-151 and MCS-251 which produced by other vendors remains popular as Intel already stop MCU productions a long time ago.
Intel become king of PC hardware environment as result of successful Microsoft-Intel duopoly since late 80s and remains popular today in data center and desktop segments. Have a hard time penetrating mobile market for the past 8 years, now Intel sort of give it up and focusing on enhancing their presence in HPC and data centers by introducing co-processor and FPGA-x86 SoC in future product like Xeon Phi.
by dReviews, https://goo.gl/azvjHD
by PasionMovil, https://goo.gl/2Iav1D
by La taverne de John-John, https://goo.gl/Vp1uni
by World of Warships, https://goo.gl/jGblJg
Available as an IP license for any vendor to use from ARM holdings since 1985, now this concept proven successful as today 15 billion ARM MCU/CPU produced in 2015 alone and keep growing. Today, almost every electronic devices contain ARM MCUs if not CPU. For every x86 computers sold, at least 3 ARM cores co-existed in forms of PC peripherals controller such as HDD, SSD, WiFi card, etc.
by Cellhut.com, https://goo.gl/SXuruA
by ARMdevices.net, https://goo.gl/RgjWxu and https://goo.gl/ze577s
Disco Ultralounge by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)