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SQL with Oracle 10g XE - Using the MIN, MAX, and AVG Functions
 
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In this video I use the MIN, MAX, and AVG functions to generate the minimum, maximum, and average vales of a column. When using these functions be sure to include the column you wish to perform the function on in parenthesis. You can also use the WHERE keyword to limit the function to only those records that meet your criteria. This video is part of a series of videos with the purpose of learning the SQL language. For more information visit Lecture Snippets at http://lecturesnippets.com.
Views: 4426 Lecture Snippets
SQL: Group By,  Having, Min, Max Sum
 
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Learn to summarize yoru data using the SQL Aggregates such as count and sum and the GROUP BY and HAVING clauses of the SELECT statement
Views: 144332 Michael Fudge
SQL:Max/Min Functions
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to use max min functions in sql queries. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 3900 radhikaravikumar
Oracle || Date functions Part-1 by dinesh
 
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DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS ,ADF,INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo......
SQL Date Comparison - How to filter Datetime in SQL Server - SQL Training Online
 
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http://www.sqltrainingonline.com SQL Date Comparison - How to filter Datetime in SQL Server - SQL Training Online In this video, I show you how to do a SQL Date Comparison in SQL Server when your Datetime has an actual time in it. I also include the latest trick that will make this easier if you are using SQL Server 2008 or SQL Server 2012. How do you compare a Datetime in SQL Server? A SQL Datetime stores both Date and Time. So when you are filtering using the SQL Where clause, you have to know if you Datetime is storing the time also. Let's take a look at the employee table in SQL Training Online Simple DB The column we are looking at is the hire date. I want to go after the person who was hired on February, 22 2005. So, I use the following SQL. select * from employee where hire_date='02/22/2005' Now, this works because we don't have any times stored in this column. But, if I change the record from 2005-02-22 00:00:00.000 to 2005-02-22 08:22:25.000 and rerun the query, you see that I don't get any results. That is because the value of 02/22/2005 is really 2005-02-22 00:00:00.000 and I just changed the hire_date to include a time other than 00:00:00.000. So, I have to tweak my query to use a greater than and less than sign. This works. But, to really understand what is going on, let me show you what SQL Server really sees. There are other ways, and in this StackOverflow article you can read more about these other ways. But, I want to point out a few. If you are working in SQL Server 2005 or earlier, the following is supposed to be the fastest performing way to do this. select datediff(dd,0, hire_date),* from employee where dateadd(dd,0, datediff(dd,0, hire_date)) = '2005-02-22' But, if you are working in SQL Server 2008 or SQL Server 2012, they have introduced an actual Date datatype that doesn't include the Time portion. Since this is the case, you can use the CAST function to remove the time from the Datetime. Here is the SQL to do that. select * from employee where CAST(hire_date AS Date) = '2005-02-22' And that's it. If you enjoy the video, please give it a like, comment, or subscribe to my channel. You can visit me at any of the following: SQL Training Online: http://www.sqltrainingonline.com Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/sql_by_joey Google+: https://plus.google.com/#100925239624117719658/posts LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/joeyblue Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/sqltrainingonline
Views: 26434 Joey Blue
SQL MAX function - how to use SQL MAX function
 
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The SQL Server MAX function returns the maximum value of an expression. visit Dose for excel Add-In website: http://www.zbrainsoft.com/ Visit our channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCI4bMWYzrBTs47KINXL92Kw
018-Oracle SQL 12c: Date functions
 
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تعلم اوراكل حتى الاحتراف تعلم اوراكل من الصفر
Views: 3665 khaled alkhudari
Oracle SQL Video Tutorial 19 - DATE functions
 
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Oracle SQL Video Tutorials 19 - DATE functions explained
Views: 4279 Just Channel
20 SQL with Oracle 10g XE   Using the MIN, MAX, and AVG Functions
 
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20 SQL with Oracle 10g XE Using the MIN, MAX, and AVG Functions
Views: 26 Cambo Movies
SQL Inner Join Multiple Tables with SUM Tutorial - SQL 2008/2012/2016/2017
 
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Use inner joins with multiple tables to create reports. Uses aliases, and the SUM aggregate function to demonstrate the flexibility of the join statement. Get the SQL script to create the database and run the exercies in the video here: https://www.qewbi.com/sql/scripts/qewbijoins.zip
Views: 130072 Edward Kench
Sql Training Online - Sql Max Function
 
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Learn about the Maximum (max) function in the SQL Language. Visit http://www.SqlTrainingOnline.com for 30 more FREE videos.
Views: 7106 Joey Blue
SQL Tutorial - SQL DATE Functions like GETDATE, DATEADD, CONVERT
 
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http://www.learningsqlserver2008.com/ https://youtu.be/KmsmPOImpHo - Date functions in SQL Server 2012 GETDATE -- Today's date DATEADD - adding time interval to an existing Date DATEPART - return part of the date like year or month DATEDIFF - Give you the different between two dates DAY - returns the day of the month MONTH - return the Month of the Year YEAR - returns the year in the Sql expression CAST - Converts an expression of one data type to another in SQL Server 2008 R2 CONVERT - Convert expressions of one data type to another in sql server r2 SQL Tutorial
Views: 55279 baghul
Learn Oracle | How to use the Character Functions, Date Functions in SQL
 
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Pebbles present, Learn Oracle 10g with Step By Step Video Tutorials. Learn Oracle 10g Tutorial series contains the following videos : Learn Oracle - History of Oracle Learn Oracle - What is Oracle - Why do we need Oracle Learn Oracle - What is a Database Learn Oracle - What is Grid Computing Learn Oracle - What is Normalization Learn Oracle - What is ORDBMS Learn Oracle - What is RDBMS Learn Oracle - Alias Names, Concatenation, Distinct Keyword Learn Oracle - Controlling and Managing User Access (Data Control Language) Learn Oracle - Introduction to SQL Learn Oracle - Oracle 10g New Data Types Learn Oracle - How to Alter a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Package in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Report in SQL Plus Learn Oracle - How to Create a Table using SQL - Not Null, Unique Key, Primary Key Learn Oracle - How to Create a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Trigger in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to Delete Data from a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Drop and Truncate a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Insert Data in a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to open ISQL Plus for the first time Learn Oracle - How to Open SQL Plus for the First Time Learn Oracle - How to Update a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Aggregate Functions in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Functions in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Group By, Having Clause in SQL Learn Oracle - How to Use Joins, Cross Join, Cartesian Product in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Outer Joins (Left, Right, Full) in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the Character Functions, Date Functions in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the Merge Statement in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the ORDER BY Clause with the Select Statement Learn Oracle - How to use the SELECT Statement Learn Oracle - How to use the Transactional Control Statements in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use PL SQL Learn Oracle - Data Types in PL SQL Learn Oracle - Exception Handling in PL SQL Learn Oracle - PL SQL Conditional Logics Learn Oracle - PL SQL Cursor Types - Explicit Cursor, Implicit Cursor Learn Oracle - PL SQL Loops Learn Oracle - Procedure Creation in PL SQL Learn Oracle - Select Statement with WHERE Cause Learn Oracle - SQL Operators and their Precedence Learn Oracle - Using Case Function, Decode Function in SQL Learn Oracle - Using Logical Operators in the WHERE Clause of the Select Statement Learn Oracle - Using Rollup Function, Cube Function Learn Oracle - Using Set Operators in SQL Learn Oracle - What are the Different SQL Data Types Learn Oracle - What are the different types of Databases Visit Pebbles Official Website - http://www.pebbles.in Subscribe to our Channel – https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNNjWVsQqaMYccY044vtHJw?sub_confirmation=1 Engage with us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/PebblesChennai Please Like, Share, Comment & Subscribe
Views: 2006 Pebbles Tutorials
37. Conversion Functions To Char, To Date, NVL, Decode in PL/SQL Oracle
 
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In this video you will learn about Conversion Functions To Char, To Date, NVL, Decode in PL/SQL Oracle. For Support =========== Email: [email protected] Contact Form: http://www.learninhindi.com/home/contact Our Social Media ================ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LearnInHindi Twitter: https://twitter.com/LearnInHindi For Training & Videos ===================== For more videos and articles visit: http://www.learninhindi.com Free Java Programming In Hindi Course ===================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAwwhMyoLISrxkXTADGp7PH Free Oracle PL/SQL Programming In Hindi Course ============================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLB5DA82419C2D99B6 Free C Programming In Hindi Course ================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAxKpBLMWogxSdy6BZcsAJq Trips & Tricks Channel ====================== https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGmLfkuCo-3lHHJXRJ9HUMw Programming in Hindi Channel ============================ https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCudElIDgwNrybeAvXIy1HZQ
Views: 8421 ITORIAN
GROUP BY with Multiple Columns (Introduction to Oracle SQL)
 
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Learn how to group with multiple columns using GROUP BY in SQL. The full Introduction to Oracle SQL course is available here: https://www.databasestar.com/introduction-to-oracle-sql-course/
Views: 491 Database Star
How to Fetch Latest record/row from the Table in Oracle Database
 
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You will learn how to How to Fetch Latest record/row from the Table in Oracle Database. Realtime Scenario: This logic can be implemented to find whether the latest record should be inserted or updated to datawarehouse
Oracle SQL Video Tutorial 18 - Working with DATE functions
 
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Oracle SQL Video Tutorials 18 - Working with DATE functions explained
Views: 4870 Just Channel
Grouping Functions in SQL Query Like AVG,SUM,MAX,MIN
 
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SQL COUNT (): This function returns the number of rows in the table that satisfies the condition specified in the WHERE condition. If the WHERE condition is not specified, then the query returns the total number of rows in the table. For Example: If you want the number of emps in a particular department, the query would be: SELECT COUNT (*) FROM emp WHERE deptno = 10; If you want the total number of emps in all the department, the query would take the form: SELECT COUNT (*) FROM emp; SQL DISTINCT(): This function is used to select the distinct rows. For Example: If you want to select all distinct department names from emp table, the query would be: SELECT DISTINCT deptno FROM emp; To get the count of emps with unique name, the query would be: SELECT COUNT (DISTINCT name) FROM emp; SQL MAX(): This function is used to get the maximum value from a column. To get the maximum salary drawn by an emp, the query would be: SELECT MAX (salary) FROM emp; SQL MIN(): This function is used to get the minimum value from a column. To get the minimum salary drawn by an emp, he query would be: SELECT MIN (salary) FROM emp; SQL AVG(): This function is used to get the average value of a numeric column. To get the average salary, the query would be SELECT AVG (salary) FROM emp; SQL SUM(): This function is used to get the sum of a numeric column To get the total salary given out to the emps, SELECT SUM (salary) FROM emp;
Views: 11390 WingsOfTechnology
SQL, Min, max and avg functions, lesson 23
 
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SQL on oracle platform.
Views: 4560 hammadshams
Oracle SQL Video Tutorial 28  - MAX and MIN functions
 
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Oracle SQL Video Tutorials 28 - MAX and MIN functions explained.In This Oracle SQL Tutorial for Beginners, I have explained basics of SQL.These examples work on Oracle 10g and Oracle 11g database. These helps youto understand Oracle Joins and helps beginners. Iam going to add more tutorials on Oracle DBA, Oracle RAC and Oracle PL/SQL.All Oracle sql tutorial with examples are executed on Oracle 11g using Oracle SQL Developer.
Views: 3425 Just Channel
SQL Tutorial 12: SQL Date Functions
 
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https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLyGqUe6Oa_5Hcb_5QqXIsMZhvsm7Bo_-Z SQL/MS SQL Server Built-in Functions, Important types of SQL Functions, SQL String Functions, SQL Numeric Functions, SQL Date Functions, and SQL Conversion Function etc... Launch SQL Server Express Edition Database Engine, Write SQL Server Date Functions like CURRENT_TIMESTAP, DATEDIFF, DATEADD, DAY, MONTH, YEAR, DATEPART, and GETDATE like SQL DATE Functions and execute.
Views: 5483 G C Reddy
SQL Aggregation queries using Group By, Sum, Count and Having
 
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From SQL Queries Joes 2 Pros (Vol2) ch4.1. Learn up to write aggregated queries.
Views: 162393 Joes2Pros SQL Trainings
How to find out Highest ,Second highest Third highest salary and Nth highest salary in SQL Server
 
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A Chanel Where you can learn about Computer Information and Technology Like Asp.Net C#,Asp.Net MVC,SQL Server,Bootstrap,Oracle and more Website design. Website : http://www.dawacit.com Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/dawacit05 Twitter : https://twitter.com/dawacit How to send email in ASP.NET C# using Gmail smtp server step by step https://youtu.be/rnQphXehu7g How to send email with attachment in Asp.Net through Gmail smtp server,simple steps https://youtu.be/mhRe_we4hhA How to create Navigation bar in Asp.Net with CSS https://youtu.be/xVgtAdxhIxk How to create website using ASP.NET very attractive design https://youtu.be/uAKWaCl-vK4 How to create login and logout in Asp.Net MVC https://youtu.be/7E8IK_eAsWE
Views: 27626 Dawa CIT
SQL query to find first record and last record in single query
 
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SQL query to find first record and last record in single query
Views: 7530 SQL Guru
Running Sum using Oracle
 
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Running Sum using Oracle
Views: 1002 CONNECT TO LEARN
SQL Aggregate functions like SQL MAX, SQL MIN, SQL COUNT And AVERAGE function
 
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http://learningsqlserver2008.com SQL Aggregate Functions are necessary to summarize numerical data in a SqL Server database. We have already looked at other transact SQl statements like SELECT and UPDATE SQL statements. Those typically are used to return rows of data that matches the criteria in the WHERE clause. SQL statements using aggregate functions like MIN, COUNT, AVG, SUM or MAX however return just one value after sql server has already applied the aggregation and summarized the data. In this manner MS 2008 aGgregate fUnctions perform their operation across multiple rows of data. For today's discussion we are going to look at AdventureWorks2008 sample database in SQL Server 2008. There are a number of SQL aggregate functions including SQL min, max, avg, sum, group by, count functionS
Views: 22196 baghul
Oracle CURRENT_TIMESTAMP Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-date-functions/ The Oracle CURRENT_TIMESTAMP function will display the current date and time in the session time zone. Just like the CURRENT_DATE function, it uses the session time zone, which is where you logged in from. This could be different to the database time zone. The syntax of the CURRENT_TIMESTAMP function is: CURRENT_TIMESTAMP ( [precision] ) The return type of this function is TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE. The precision parameter is optional, and it lets you specify the number of fractional seconds to return. If this is omitted, it uses the default of 6. It’s different to the SYSTIMESTAMP function, because CURRENT_TIMESTAMP returns the session timezone, and SYSTIMESTAMP returns the database time zone. So, if I’m logging in from Melbourne, Australia, and the database is in London, England, then the CURRENT_TIMESTAMP will return a date and time that’s 10 hours ahead of SYSTIMESTAMP, and in a different time zone. It may be on the same day, or it could be a different day, depending on when I run the function. You can perform arithmetic on this function just like any other date value (e.g. CURRENT_TIMESTAMP - 7 for 7 days ago). However, it might be better to use interval data types so you can keep the original data type. For more information about the Oracle CURRENT_TIMESTAMP function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-date-functions/
Views: 162 Database Star
32. SQL Functions - Conversion,TO_CHAR,TO_DATE,NVL & DECODE
 
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TO_CHAR (datetime) converts a datetime datatype to a value of VARCHAR2 datatype in the format specified. TO_DATE functions explained. Date Functions : https://youtu.be/HtYlMRHy4Ak
Views: 1262 ProSchool
Part 8   SQL Query to find department with highest number of employees
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/06/part-8-sql-query-to-find-department.html Scenario asked in the SQL Server Interview Based on the above two tables write a SQL Query to get the name of the Department that has got the maximum number of Employees. To answer this question it will be helpful if you the knowledge of JOINS & GROUP BY in SQL Server. We discusses these in Parts 11 & 12 of SQL Server Tutorial video series. SQL query that retrieves the department name with maximum number of employees SELECT TOP 1 DepartmentName FROM Employees JOIN Departments ON Employees.DepartmentID = Departments.DepartmentID GROUP BY DepartmentName ORDER BY COUNT(*) DESC Scenario asked in the SQL Server Interview Based on the above two tables write a SQL Query to get the name of the Department that has got the maximum number of Employees. To answer this question it will be helpful if you the knowledge of JOINS & GROUP BY in SQL Server. We discusses these in Parts 11 & 12 of SQL Server Tutorial video series. SQL query that retrieves the department name with maximum number of employees SELECT TOP 1 DepartmentName FROM Employees JOIN Departments ON Employees.DepartmentID = Departments.DepartmentID GROUP BY DepartmentName ORDER BY COUNT(*) DESC
Views: 112338 kudvenkat
Part 5   SQL query to find employees hired in last n months
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/part-5-sql-query-to-find-employees.html This question is asked is many sql server interviews. If you have used DATEDIFF() sql server function then you already know the answer. -- Replace N with number of months Select * FROM Employees Where DATEDIFF(MONTH, HireDate, GETDATE()) Between 1 and N
Views: 161761 kudvenkat
How to find nth Max salary in a table
 
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This video is useful to find the nth max salary from a table. It shows all the different ways and possibilities to find the nth max salary from a table, using a rownum sub query and the later on using a dense rank function.
Views: 10318 Kishan Mashru
HAVING BY, GROUP BY, MIN, MAX, AVG FUNCTIONS in Oracle SQL
 
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Oracle SQL Tutorials, How to select statements with having by, group by, min, max, avg functions in Oracle SQL
SQL: Extract function
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of extract function. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 3362 radhikaravikumar
SQL in Oracle 11g Tutorial #11: Aggregate Function(MAX,MIN,SUM,AVG,STDDEV,VARIANCE) in SQL
 
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SQL in Oracle 11g Tutorial #11: Aggregate Function(MAX,MIN,SUM,AVG,STDDEV,VARIANCE) in SQL. Thanks for Watching my Channel “Learn TechToTech”. Please subscribe my channel for getting first updates after uploading video.Social Media pages of Channel are: 1. My Website : www.learnfromrakesh.com 2. My Twitter: https://twitter.com/LearnTechtotech 3. Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LearnTechToTech 4. Blogger : https://learntechtotech.blogspot.in/ 5. Google+ : https://learntechtotech.blogspot.in/ 6. Pinterest : https://in.pinterest.com/LearnTechToTech/ 7. LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/Learntechtotech/ Playlist of Different Technology: 1. Operating System : https://goo.gl/q6SfrW 2. Python Programming Language : https://goo.gl/L8b5dc 3. C Language : https://goo.gl/SwvDu9 4. C language for Placement: https://goo.gl/AaQBa4 5. Java: https://goo.gl/M8F2uy 6. MySql : https://goo.gl/vdJbHQ 7. Android Mobile Application Development: https://goo.gl/M6woaT 8. Kotlin Programming Language : https://goo.gl/GXE5cd 9. Go Programming: https://goo.gl/Ua3xYW 10. Internet of Things(IoT): https://goo.gl/f2afkY 11. Oracle 11g : https://goo.gl/zds8r2 12. C++ : https://goo.gl/C1psMT
Views: 61 Learn TechToTech
Query to find out Experience of Employee Oracle | Pl sql | sql
 
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Query to find out Experience of Employee Oracle | Pl sql | sql
Views: 1143 Online Pl Sql
Using DATEADD to Add and Subtract Days from a Date in SQL (C1B1T1 7.3)
 
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Using DATEADD to Add and Subtract Days from a Date in SQL (C1B1T1 7.3)
Views: 1727 Ian Martyn
Sql Training Online - Cast Function
 
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Learn about the Cast function in the SQL Language. Visit http://www.SqlTrainingOnline.com for 30 more FREE videos. The Microsoft SQL Server 2012 cast function is used to convert or change a column datatype when you are querying or filtering in a SQL statement You can visit me at any of the following: SQL Training Online: http://www.sqltrainingonline.com Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/sql_by_joey Google+: https://plus.google.com/#100925239624117719658/posts LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/joeyblue Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/sqltrainingonline
Views: 14411 Joey Blue
Oracle - SQL - Group By Clause
 
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Oracle - SQL - Group By Clause Watch more Videos at https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Mr. Anadi Sharma, Tutorials Point India Private Limited.
SQL Basics Part-9 Functions and Nested Functions, String Functions, Date time Functions
 
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An easy way to learn SQL in SQL Server Management Studio Environment
Views: 590 SQL Learn & Share
Oracle SQL Tutorial 11 - CREATE TABLE
 
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The way you create a table is to use the CREATE TABLE command. CREATE TABLE users() So in this situation, the name comes right after the TABLE keyword. The next thing we do is put all of the columns on a line that we want to put in our table. CREATE TABLE users( user_id, username, first_name, last_name ) Notice the naming conventions here. For this series we are going to make columns with what is known as snake casing. This is where each individual word is separated by an underscore. if you have more than one column, all of them have to have commas except the last one. The comma is a way to say that another column is coming, so you don't need to do it on the last one. Now you would think we were done, but we also have to say what data type each column is. Later we will extensively discuss data types so we can focus on them exclusively. For now, here are the data types we are going to use: CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50), first_name VARCHAR2(50), last_name VARCHAR2(50) ) Now, inside of the parenthesis for varchar2, we pass in a number... This is the max length of the string. But the question is, what is it measured in? The default is actually in bytes, not characters. For example if we have the string hello, it is 5 characters, but it might take up a total of 10 bytes of storage. So I would recommend adding the keyword char right after the number so it defaults to 50 characters, not bytes. CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR(50 CHAR), first_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), last_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) ) This will work to create a table, but it's really missing a lot of information… which column is the primary key? Are we adding any indexes? Is there any thing else we need to say about these columns? So as you can tell, we are making progress, but there is still so much to learn. The biggest gotcha to remember from this video is that the data type VARCHAR ends in a 2, stupid, right? who would end the name of something with a 2? Once again, this is Caleb from CalebTheVideoMaker2, and we will catch you in the next one! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 28231 Caleb Curry
Part 6   Transform rows into columns in sql server
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/06/part-6-transform-rows-into-columns-in.html This is another common sql server interview question. We will be using Countries table in this example. SQL to create the table Create Table Countries ( Country nvarchar(50), City nvarchar(50) ) GO Insert into Countries values ('USA','New York') Insert into Countries values ('USA','Houston') Insert into Countries values ('USA','Dallas') Insert into Countries values ('India','Hyderabad') Insert into Countries values ('India','Bangalore') Insert into Countries values ('India','New Delhi') Insert into Countries values ('UK','London') Insert into Countries values ('UK','Birmingham') Insert into Countries values ('UK','Manchester') Here is the interview question. Write a sql query to transpose rows to columns. Using PIVOT operator we can very easily transform rows to columns. Select Country, City1, City2, City3 From ( Select Country, City, 'City'+ cast(row_number() over(partition by Country order by Country) as varchar(10)) ColumnSequence from Countries ) Temp pivot ( max(City) for ColumnSequence in (City1, City2, City3) ) Piv
Views: 179575 kudvenkat
ADD_MONTHS Function in SQL Query with Example
 
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ADD_MONTHS(): The Oracle/PLSQL ADD_MONTHS function returns a date plus n months. Syntax: ADD_MONTHS( date1, n ) Arguments: date1 is the starting date (before the n months have been added). n is the number of months to add to date1. Example: Let's look at some Oracle ADD_MONTHS function examples and explore how you would use the ADD_MONTHS function in Oracle/PLSQL. ADD_MONTHS('01-Aug-03', 3) would return '01-Nov-03' ADD_MONTHS('01-Aug-03', -3) would return '01-May-03' ADD_MONTHS('21-Aug-03', -3) would return '21-May-03' ADD_MONTHS('31-Jan-03', 1) would return '28-Feb-03' Thanks for watching..:)
Views: 1056 WingsOfTechnology
Oracle  Aggregate functions
 
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Aggregate Funtion: MACSMVS max,avg,count,sum,min, variance, stddev
Views: 925 Jide James
Oracle Part 8 Alter Table
 
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Alter table, .sql file, sum, max, min, avg, count
Views: 921 Free OpenMentor
Oracle - SQL - Group Functions
 
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Oracle - SQL - Group Functions Watch more Videos at https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Mr. Anadi Sharma, Tutorials Point India Private Limited.
SelectTec | Aula Nº 24 | Count - Oracle SQL Developer
 
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Count Syntax: select count(*) from tabela; select count(coluna) from tabela;
Views: 1377 SelectTec
Oracle SQL Tutorial 33 - NUMBER Data Type
 
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This video we are going to discuss the NUMBER data type. The Number data type is used to store integers, and real numbers. When you create a column as a NUMBER, you can store pretty huge or pretty small numbers in this column. Now there are two things you need to consider when working with numbers, and that is the precision as well as the how big the number is. For example, we can store the number 9.9. This has two significant digits. We could also store the number 9.9 X 10^4. In this situation, the number is much larger, but the number of significant digits is the same. 9.9 are the significant digits. When we expand this out we just have 99000, and the zeros are just used for size and are not considered "significant" in this situation. In fact, you get a max precision of 38, but a maximum value of 9.99 * 10^125. You can also use this data type to store very small numbers. Check the docs for the specifics on maximums and minimums. You can provide it with two pieces of information: Precision - The total number of digits. Scale - The number of digits to the right of the decimal. You do it in this format: NUMBER (precision, scale). The important thing to remember in this is that when you specify a precision, you will be limiting the max size of the numbers. The secret behind this data type is that it is actually stored in scientific notation. That is we store a number and then we can multiply it by 10 raised to some power. This allows us to store much larger numbers without taking up a ton of space. The oracle docs actually gives a formula that you can use to see how much storage is going to be required for a specific NUMBER data type. How much precision can be used? The acceptable range is 1-38. What about scale? The range is actually -84 to 127. I'll explain the scale in more detail in an upcoming video. That's because there is a lot of confusing things here…What does it mean for the scale to be negative? How can we have a scale that is bigger that the total number of digits available through the precision. That's a topic for another video. It's important to understand that when we increase our scale, we decrease the max size of the number. For example if we have a precision of 5 and a scale of 3, the highest number we can store is 99.999. This is in contrast to a precision of 5 and a scale of 2 which allows for up to 99.999. Either way you get 5 significant digits, but the numbers of digits to the left and right of the decimal change. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 6886 Caleb Curry
Oracle - SQL - Character Functions
 
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Oracle - SQL - Character Functions Watch more Videos at https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Mr. Anadi Sharma, Tutorials Point India Private Limited.

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