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The Roman Empire. Or Republic. Or...Which Was It?: Crash Course World History #10

48492 ratings | 5328311 views
In which John Green explores exactly when Rome went from being the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire. Here's a hint: it had something to do with Julius Caesar, but maybe less than you think. Find out how Caesar came to rule the empire, what led to him getting stabbed 23 times on the floor of the senate, and what happened in the scramble for power after his assassination. John covers Rome's transition from city-state to dominant force in the Mediterranean in less than 12 minutes. Well, Rome's expansion took hundreds of years, he just explains it in under 12 minutes. The senate, the people, Rome, the caesarian section, the Julian calendar and our old friend Pompey all make appearances, but NOT the Caesar Salad, as Julius had nothing to do with it. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse
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Text Comments (6398)
GamerStatix (5 days ago)
5:18 hmmm... kids this is our question of the day! What were they doing?
Dovahnore TheConfused (6 days ago)
I put ceasers last words where et tu bruta? In my history report ;-;
SimplyDopeYT (7 days ago)
5:20 got me dead
Evan Whiting (9 days ago)
IPUG9000 (7 days ago)
aidan harrison (12 days ago)
Love the word rapscallion . Though I have to admit I am a churl and a nincompoop
shogun7p7 (13 days ago)
We need Roman governanace today!
Ruth Nwego (14 days ago)
Hi can you slow down a little bit when you talk because you talk really fast. No offense
Mr Warmbagels (10 days ago)
It's called Crash Course. It's meant to cover a topic fast. Go on other videos who take much longer and talk a lot slower
Kovёr (14 days ago)
10:06 Слава Україні!
Brian Gallegos (17 days ago)
Great job separating facts from your personal opinion.
francia robayo (17 days ago)
could you speek more slow pls
Bananadragon (22 days ago)
That open letter sucked
can you make nusantara empire?
Redmosquito21 (24 days ago)
Well the caesarean section is not how Caesar was born since the mother usually dies from it and Caesars mother for quite a long time after Caesar was born.
Jhinn Virtuoso (27 days ago)
Give me a proof don't hate the history He explain everything Ok you got me
Henry Poggie (1 month ago)
There's an editing error in this video at 10:56. It cuts away from the thought bubble to John, and then immediately cuts to a different shot of John.
Brittany Tran (1 month ago)
1:53 IM DED
John Newton (1 month ago)
Britain wasnt under roman rule until Claudius. Caesar did invade but had to retreat. Just shows Britain under roman rule on the map.
moroccan geographer (1 month ago)
Wait the Roman map at 4:55 is wrong, because Great Britain wasn't under Roman control at the time of Caesar, since both his campaigns in 55 BC and 54 BC failed. Plus Scotland was NEVER part of the Roman Empire, so clean that mess!
JaMeS G (1 month ago)
TheSilentType (1 month ago)
I love the "this machine kills fascists" sticker
Eric Carbonell (1 month ago)
My high school history teacher was the assistant football coach and had zero insight into history. Thanks for making it fun and useful
iShiftyzZ (1 month ago)
Ray FTW (1 month ago)
23 stab wounds.
Bleu Corona (1 month ago)
That’s not Cincinnati
Tsukasa Asuka (1 month ago)
He's harmonica play was not synced XD
Doris Cornacchio (1 month ago)
KnightX (1 month ago)
next time can u speak slower?
savageleopardgeck0 (1 month ago)
I had to write a speech look where i am now
NEIN '9' (1 month ago)
Amelia Ross (1 month ago)
okie then
Lukáš Procházka (2 months ago)
Wrong: Octavianus did not adopted the title emperor. There was no title emperor. He named himself Caesar which became word Keiser in German (meaning emperor) and was called/named imperator, which literaly means "a man with imperium" (imperium means "military command"). Imperator was honorific title given to mark sucessful military commander.
Pat Pearce (2 months ago)
this could of been better
Pat Pearce (2 months ago)
the sante did not choose the consuls, there were elections
Nolan Walsh (2 months ago)
The main reason the generals had so much power was that the soldiers relied on the general for their retirement package. This is why soldiers often followed the general over the senate since the general was the one who would pay them. Funny enough under the empire, Augustus changes this to make the retirement guaranteed by the government reducing the importance of the general to the soldiers. For example, the concept of a 20 year military service to earn a pension was created by Augustus.
Oksana Dolga (2 months ago)
Quite an interesting choice of using a map in Ukrainian on 10.06. I know the comment is not on any of he video's topic. But as a Ukrainian I was pleased and intrigued by an american using the Ukrainian map. Wonder how random was that. =)
Aaaa Bbbb (2 months ago)
Ignasi Planas Villalba (2 months ago)
4:38 "Alea iacta est"
Baraa Younes (2 months ago)
So funny is 2:13 and 2:14
Slykeren (2 months ago)
Augustus never called himself emperor. He called himself princeps which meant first citizen
Truth (2 months ago)
Unfortunate to skip hundreds of years of the republic, but Julius and especially Octavianus really did change everything and set Rome, and their part of the world, on another course.
nowyat silentdust (2 months ago)
That made me feel better about our weird world. It's still pretty freaky and crazy.
Galileo's Telescope (2 months ago)
"SPQR" stands for "These Romans are crazy" in Latin.
Caty P (2 months ago)
help what do i need to know abt ancient rome
Emperor Of Man (2 months ago)
carschmn (2 months ago)
2018: Netflix is doing okay and Trump is showing how much trouble you can get into in a year. That’s really cool about the Caesarian section.
Godzilla John (2 months ago)
2,000 years ago, while Israel was under Rome, God became a man and was born from a virgin. As Isaiah 7:14 said "Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel." Immanuel means "God with us". Jesus came to save people from their sin(John 3:16).
Ignotas Katkus (2 months ago)
Wait, so united states is an Empire?
brett knoss (2 months ago)
Marius is important to understand the causes of the US Civil War. Traditionally, Romans recived land for military service and this encouraged growth of the Empire. However, in time the wars of conquest brought lots of slaves. This allowed the established landowning class to build large farms, that relied on slave labour and drove out the small farms of the Roman soldier. With this in mind, the American Midwest had a political movement, that existed alongside the New England Abolitionists, known as the Free Soilers or Free Soil Movement. For the Free Soilers, slavery was a threat to the yeoman tradition, brought to America from Britain. The yeoman was a small independent farmer, who was important to the formation of the middle class. The Free Soilers then saw it as important for America to expand, and to have a Homestead Program, to secure land rights. But, they also saw slavery as a threat to the American republic, since they feared, that the land would be taken by the slave-owning landed gentry. This can be seen in the fights over Bleeding Kansas, where the Free Soilers fought with pro-slavery Southerners, over the expansion of slavery.
andrew crofts (3 months ago)
The Netflix joke immediately dates this haha
TryHardDieHard (3 months ago)
Historians found out that Caesar only died from one of the 23 stab wounds, and he would've survived the other 22....
Potrosson (3 months ago)
this guy makes such uniformed videos, he also seems a bit of a douche
Jedi Master22466 (3 months ago)
11:15, Thank you so much John Green. You just made my day!😍😊😁
A'Litah Harrison (3 months ago)
Question's World (3 months ago)
Hello,can you make a video on the rise of nationalism in Europe
The Einherjar (3 months ago)
Trey Anders (3 months ago)
Destroyed Netflix???
Slocole 100 (3 months ago)
1:02 isn't tyranny a type of government or would that be under a different category?
Priderice Rice (3 months ago)
2018 man i miss those videos
(3 months ago)
"George Washington was heavily influenced by Cincinnatus when he invented the idea of a two term President"
BigNigel (3 months ago)
Quite frankly, the republic died with Scipio Africanus and his attempts to Hellenize Rome.
Bob Roberts (3 months ago)
And the elephants never made it
Den Kaiser (3 months ago)
Rome is ma city.
che ameer (3 months ago)
that netflix comment didn't really hold up over time chief
P4uL0 • (3 months ago)
P4uL0 • (3 months ago)
Buen vidio
Yung Meatball (3 months ago)
You think Netflix was bad back then? 2018 will make you wish you never said that
Sam LaMonde (3 months ago)
shut piehole quickly rapscalion. SPQR
Phoinex Nase (3 months ago)
Caesar is Rome's first Pagan emperor. He only was baptist on his death bed
John Keefer (3 months ago)
The Roman people continued to call their system of government “Res Publica”(The public thing), all the way through the Byzantine age. Just because they had an emperor did not mean that the Republican ideas were completely dead.
Symarrah Carbon (3 months ago)
my lil sis: what dose spqr mean? me: Shut Petty Questionable Rampagers
Akbermet Azizova (3 months ago)
John Green, you are so great. Your contribution or service is invaluable. Crash course is enlightenment for millennials 😊
Daniel Grooms (4 months ago)
No mention of the mongols
Fritz Winterbottom (4 months ago)
Thank you for posting this. It was great to learn more about the Roman Empire.
Colonel Hakeev (4 months ago)
Probably executed order 66
Tihanyi Dani (4 months ago)
Theres so much wrong stuff in this
Zainab Khan (4 months ago)
you talk too fast. Sorry!
Mya Ponder (4 months ago)
Just found out this is JOHN GREEN (the one who wrote The Fault In Our Stars) and WOW AM I AMAZED😂 I’m sitting next to Turtles All The Way Down rn
David McDonald (4 months ago)
Netflix joke didn't age well.
Nabiha Ahmed (4 months ago)
Am I the only one who _needs_ the t-shirt young John Greene is wearing?
Yesakor Tk (4 months ago)
like a boss
Good Guy Games (4 months ago)
Good Guy Games (4 months ago)
HI :b
Help (4 months ago)
He would be Garett’s and Andrews son just me
Help (4 months ago)
This guy is so freakin funny wtf
Michael Andino (4 months ago)
rattias2217 (4 months ago)
I believe Carthage is under modern Tunis, the Tunisian capital city
Baller Balgruuf (4 months ago)
That Netflix joke aged real well, huh.
Noire (4 months ago)
Isn't "Gaius" supposed to be spelled/pronounced "Caius"?
j u u l i n g (4 months ago)
this is big gay
Justin Campoy (4 months ago)
boy that netflix joke aged well ;-)
Mark Twain (4 months ago)
Netflix has risen from the ashes
Romeo Eta (5 months ago)
Netflix is now a giant
Jack Oliver (5 months ago)
Ha gotem
Katlynne Messersmith (5 months ago)
I always watch this for my ap world history class and my cats join me every time. My cats have a fascination with your show! Thank you for helping me pass my class btw!
DevonStation (5 months ago)
Time to watch crash course for enjoyment and not school
Jeffrey Foster (5 months ago)
"when is it ok to stab someone 23 times"....all the time ?
Molly - Joanne (5 months ago)
TWeNTy THRee STaB WouNDS!!!!
Nolan Neururer (5 months ago)
The Netflix CEO joke has aged very badly

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