In which John Green explores exactly when Rome went from being the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire. Here's a hint: it had something to do with Julius Caesar, but maybe less than you think. Find out how Caesar came to rule the empire, what led to him getting stabbed 23 times on the floor of the senate, and what happened in the scramble for power after his assassination. John covers Rome's transition from city-state to dominant force in the Mediterranean in less than 12 minutes. Well, Rome's expansion took hundreds of years, he just explains it in under 12 minutes. The senate, the people, Rome, the caesarian section, the Julian calendar and our old friend Pompey all make appearances, but NOT the Caesar Salad, as Julius had nothing to do with it.
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Wait the Roman map at 4:55 is wrong, because Great Britain wasn't under Roman control at the time of Caesar, since both his campaigns in 55 BC and 54 BC failed. Plus Scotland was NEVER part of the Roman Empire, so clean that mess!
Octavianus did not adopted the title emperor. There was no title emperor. He named himself Caesar which became word Keiser in German (meaning emperor) and was called/named imperator, which literaly means "a man with imperium" (imperium means "military command"). Imperator was honorific title given to mark sucessful military commander.
The main reason the generals had so much power was that the soldiers relied on the general for their retirement package. This is why soldiers often followed the general over the senate since the general was the one who would pay them. Funny enough under the empire, Augustus changes this to make the retirement guaranteed by the government reducing the importance of the general to the soldiers. For example, the concept of a 20 year military service to earn a pension was created by Augustus.
Quite an interesting choice of using a map in Ukrainian on 10.06. I know the comment is not on any of he video's topic. But as a Ukrainian I was pleased and intrigued by an american using the Ukrainian map. Wonder how random was that. =)
2,000 years ago, while Israel was under Rome, God became a man and was born from a virgin. As Isaiah 7:14 said "Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel." Immanuel means "God with us".
Jesus came to save people from their sin(John 3:16).
Marius is important to understand the causes of the US Civil War. Traditionally, Romans recived land for military service and this encouraged growth of the Empire. However, in time the wars of conquest brought lots of slaves. This allowed the established landowning class to build large farms, that relied on slave labour and drove out the small farms of the Roman soldier. With this in mind, the American Midwest had a political movement, that existed alongside the New England Abolitionists, known as the Free Soilers or Free Soil Movement. For the Free Soilers, slavery was a threat to the yeoman tradition, brought to America from Britain. The yeoman was a small independent farmer, who was important to the formation of the middle class. The Free Soilers then saw it as important for America to expand, and to have a Homestead Program, to secure land rights. But, they also saw slavery as a threat to the American republic, since they feared, that the land would be taken by the slave-owning landed gentry. This can be seen in the fights over Bleeding Kansas, where the Free Soilers fought with pro-slavery Southerners, over the expansion of slavery.
The Roman people continued to call their system of government “Res Publica”(The public thing), all the way through the Byzantine age. Just because they had an emperor did not mean that the Republican ideas were completely dead.
URBAN NATION MUSEUM FOR URBAN CONTEMPORARY ART is an international institution for art, creative projects and social exchange. Since September 2017 URBAN NATION shows under the leitmotif "Connect. Create. Care." that the house is far more than a museum.
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IN THE STUDIO WITH … HAYLEY.
British born artist Hayley Welsh, has established herself as one of the newest creatives in the Western Australian art scene. There is something quite fantastical and a little bit dark lurking in Hayley’s work. Her latest work of art was created for the URBAN NATION and kicks off “The Monster Project”. We took the chance
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